The Holy Women of Liège:
A Bibliography

Compiled by Margot H. King & Ludo Jongen


Introduction

In these days of easily edited digital files and on-line catalogues, it might seem odd that Peregrina Publishing has decided to launch a new series of printed bibliographies. It is our aim, however, to provide scholars with inexpensive guides to basic research materials in specific areas which will be up-dated yearly. With this goal in mind, The Bibliography of the Holy Women of Liège includes a complete a list of printed materials which pertain to each of the twelve women whose lives have come down to us from thirteenth-century Liège: Marie d’Oignies, Christina of Saint-Trond (called “the Astonishing”), Lutgard of Aywières, Margaret of Ypres, Aleydis of Scarbeek, Beatrice of Nazareth, Elisabeth of Spalbeek, Ida of Leeuw, Ida of Louvain, Ida of Nivelles, Ivette/Juette of Huy and Juliana of Mont-Cornillon.

The beginnings of this bibliography go back to the winter of 1985 when, thanks to a Social Sciences and Humanities Research grant, I was able to spend three months in Belgian, French and German libraries locating and examining the manuscripts of the vitae of Marie and Christina, with side glimpses at Lutgard, Margaret, Yvette, Juliana, and the three Idas. On my return to Canada, however, I was unable to complete the critical editions I had planned, although I did manage to translate four of the lives (Christina, Marie, Lutgard and Margaret) and to circulate them through Peregrina Publishing Co.

It goes without saying that over fourteen years, I have acquired a fairly large number of bibliographical references, descriptive lists of the manuscripts, and microfilms and photostats of many of these manuscripts. I had originally intended to append many of these references to the 4th edition of Two Lives of Marie d’Oignies: The Life, by Jacques de Vitry and The Supplement by Thomas de Cantimpré (Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1998). When it became clear that to do so would add far too many pages to a book which was already far too long, it was decided to advertise it as the first title in Peregrina’s new bibliographical series.

The bibliography is divided into three main sections: 1) both primary and secondary sources for the twelve women who figured most prominantly in the mystical drama which unfolded in the diocese of Liège during the thirteenth century and their two major biographers, Jacques de Vitry and Thomas de Cantimpré; 2) the 1985 list of manuscripts of the vitae of Marie, Christina, Lutgard, Margaret, Yvette, Juliana, and the three Idas; and finally, 3) studies of a more general nature. It must be emphasised that the second and third parts of the bibliography make no pretence at completeness and only include those monographs and articles which I have found most useful in my translation work.

Quite apart from the inclusion of the relevant manuscripts, this second edition of the bibliography is rather different from the first which was issued in May 1999. Thanks to the heroic efforts of Ludo Jongen of the University of Leiden who providentially swam into my ken, countless errors have been rectified and many items added.

Margot H. King

Ludo Jongen

31 January 2007

The Vitae: Printed Sources.


Aleydis of Scarbeek

Primary Sources

Vita Aleydis de Scarembecanae.In Quinque prudentes virgines, edited by Chr. Henriquez, 168–198. Antwerp, 1630. [Prologue omitted]

Vita Aleydis de Scarembecanae,edited by G. Henschen. In Acta Sanctorum June vol. 2 (June 11) 471–477. Paris, 1867.

—. The Life of Alice the Leper, translated by Martinus Cawley. In Lives of Ida of Nivelles, Lutgard and Alice the Leper.Lafayette, OR: Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey, 1987.


Beatrice of Nazareth

Primary Sources

Seven Manieren van Minne, edited by Leonce Reypens and Joseph van Mierlo. Leuven: Vlaamsche Boekenhalle, 1926.

—. The Seven Steps of Love, translated by S.M. Carton. Cistercian Studies 19 (1984) 31–42.

—. Vita Beatricis: Autobiographie van de Z. Beatrijs van Tienen, O.Cist., 1200–1268, edited by Leonce Reypens. Antwerp: Ruusbroec Genootschap, 1964.

—. The Life of Beatrice of Nazareth, translated and annotated by Roger de Ganck. Assisted by John Baptist Hasbrouck. Kalamazoo MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991.

**. Beatrijs van Nazareth: Van seuen manieren van heileger minnen. Uitgegeven naar het Brusselse handschrift. Ingeleid en van aantekeningen voorzien door H.J.W. Vekeman & J.J.Th.M. Tersteeg. Zutphen: Thieme, z.j. (Klassieke letterkundig pantheon 188).

Secondary Sources

Bradley, Ritamary. “Beatrice of Nazareth (c. 1200–1268): A Search for her True Spirituality.” In Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honour of Professor Valerie M. Lagorio, edited by Anne Clark Bartlett et al., 57–74. Cambridge [UK]: D.S. Brewer, 1995.

—. “Love and Knowledge in Seven Manners of Loving.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 361–376. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

De Ganck, Roger. Beatrice of Nazareth in her Context. Cistercian Studies Series, 121. Kalamazoo MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991.

—. Towards Unification with God. Cistercian Studies Series 122. Cisterciana Kalamazoo MI: Cistercian Publications, 1991.

Kroll, Jerome and Roger de Ganck. “The Adolescence of a Thirteenth-Century Nun.” Psychological Medicine 16 (1986) 745–756.

— and Roger de Ganck. “Beatrice of Nazareth: Psychiatric Perspectives on a Medieval Mystic.” Cistercian Studies 24/4 (1989) 301–323.

Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg. “Image of God/Image of Mary/Image of Women: On the Theology and Spirituality of Beatrice of Nazareth.” Cistercian Studies 29 (1994) 209–220.

—. “Image of God/Image of Mary/Image of Women: On the Theology and Spirituality of Beatrice of Nazareth.” Dissertation, University of Aarhus, Denmark, 1991.

Sullivan, Mary Ann. “An Introduction to the Vita Beatricis.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 345–359. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

Zum Brunn, Emilie and Georgette Epiney-Burgard, eds. Women Mystics in Medieval Europe, 69–94. New York: Paragon, 1989.


Catherine of Parc-aux-Dames

Primary Sources

Vita Catherinae. In Thomas de Cantimpré. Bonum universale de apibus. 296–300.

—, edited by G. Henschenius. In Acta Sanctorum May vol. 1 (May 4) 532–534. Paris, 1867.

—. In Caesarius of Heisterbach. Dialogus de miraculis II: 25, edited by Joseph Strange, vol. I, 95–98. Cologne, 1851.

**. Der byen boeck. De Middelnederlandse vertalingen van Bonum universale de apibus van Thomas van Cantimpré en hun achtergrond. Ed. Christina Maria Stutvoet-Joanknecht. Amsterdam; VU Uitgeverij, 1990. (Dissertatie Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam). 126-128.

Secondary Sources

Goodich, Michael. “Caesarius of Heisterbach (ca. 1228) and Thomas de Cantimpré (ca. 1263) on Catherine of Louvain.” In Other Middle Ages: Witnesses at the Margins of Medieval Society, edited by Michael Goodich, 26–31. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.

Kleinberg, Aviad. “A XIIIth-Century Struggle over Custody: The Case of Catherine aux Parc-des-Dames.” Bulletin of Medieval of Canon Law N.S. 20 (1990) 51–67.


Christina of Saint-Trond, called The Astonishing

Primary Sources: Printed Materials

Leven Sinte Christina de Wonderbare, edited by J. H. Bormans.Gent: C. Annoot-Braeckman, 1850.

De S. Christina Mirabili virgine Thomas Cantipratensis, edited by J. Pinius. In Acta Sanctorum July vol. 5 (July 24) 637–660. Paris, 1868.

“Prosalegende: die Legenden des Ms. Douce 14: Êe Lyfe of Seinte Christin the Meruelous,” edited by C. Horstmann. Anglia 8 (1885) 102–196. [Middle English translation]

Sainte Christine l’Admirable de Saint-Trond, Vierge, translated by le R.P. Henckens; translated from the Flemish by A. Giron. Saint-Trond: Vanwest Pluymers, 1892.

“Een Middelnederlandse prozavertaling van de Vita Sanctae Christinae Mirabilis van Thomas van Cantimpré,” edited by J. Deschamps. Jaarboek van de Federatie der Geschied- en Oudheidkundige Kringen in Limburg 30 (1975) 85–103.

Sinte Kerstine, edited by Maurits Gysseling. In Corpus van Middelnederlandse teksten(tot en met het jaar 1000) Vol. II, 6, 104–153. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987.

The Life of Christina the Astonishing, translated by Margot H. King. Peregrina Translations Series. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1999. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts published by Brepols (Turnhout).

Secondary Sources

Christina de Wonderbare: Gedenkboek 1150–1950: Studies en Essais, edited by P. Clerinx. Leuven: Bibliotheca Alfonsiana, 1950.

Christina en Kristien, saamgestel deur G.D. Nienaber en A.P. Grové. Kaapstad-Bloemfontein-Johannesburg, 1960.

Ceyssen, L.O.M. “Poging om het leven van Sinte Kerstine chronologisch te situeeren.” Verslagen en mededelingen der Koninklijke Vlaamse Akademie voor Taal en Letterunde (1947) 77–94.

Clerinx, P. De heilige Christina de Wonderbare naar het middeleeuwse verhaal van Thomas van Cantimpré ter gelegenheid van de 800e verjaring van haar geboorte (1150–1950). Leuven, 1950.

—. Christina herdacht … 1224–1924. Sint Truiden: G. Moreau, 1924.

Daumer, G.F. Christina Mirabilis . . . und der heilige Joseph von Copertino . . . als vorläufige Repräsentanten einer neuen kunstigen Menschengattung. Paderborn, 1864.

De Cocq-Creten, Hub. Levensschets van Christina de Wonderbare. Saint-Truiden: De Cocq-Creten, 1864.

De Meulemeester, M. “Les archives de Redemptoristes Belges I: À Saint Trond: Pièces anciennes concernant la culte de Ste. Christine l’Admirable.” Archives, Bibliothèques et Musées de Belge 7 (1930) 14–15.

Gorissen, P. “Femine van Hoye en het Leven van Christina de Wonderbare.” Handelingen der Zuidnederlandse Matschappij voor Taal en Letterkunde en Geschiedenis 4 (1950).

Hendrix, Guido. “Kerstine de Wonderbare als Präcedensfall?” Oostvlaamse Zanten 40 (1965) 16–22.

Huijdts, J.L.J. “Sinte Kerstinen heilige leven van broeder Geraert.” In Uit de school van Michels, opstellen aangeboden aan Prof. Dr. L.C. Michels. Nijmegen, 1958.

Ibercero, J. Para major gloria di dios: Santa Christina la Admirable, su vida y sus maravillas para bien de las almas. Puebla, 1716.

Joly, Edmond. “Christine l’Admirable: La sainte volante.” In Le cantique du vitrail, 57–118. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1934.

King, Margot H. “The Sacramental Witness of Christina Mirabilis: The Mystic Growth of a Fool for Christ’s Sake.” In Peace Weavers, edited by Lillian Thomas Shank and John A. Nichols, 145–164. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1987.

Kortleven, Lambertus-Maria. “De Datering van Br. Geraert’s berijmd Leven van Sinte Christina.” Franciscana 5 (Sint Truiden, 1950) 132–134.

Newman, Barbara. “Possessed by the Spirit: Devout Women, Demoniacs and the Apostolic Life in the Thirteenth Century.” Speculum 73 (1998) 733–770. [Major new study of the utmost importance for Christina: see especially pages 763–768.]

Nimal, H. Vie de Sainte Christine l’Admirable, est-elle authentique; Suivi d’un mot de réponse aux Archives Belges. Liège, 1900.

—. Réplique à M. Kurth et aux Analecta Bollandiana au sujet de La Vie de Sainte Christine l’Admirable, est-elle authentique? Liège, 1900.

Ruuys, B.M. “Beknopte Levensschets van de H. Christina de Wonderbare.” Don Bosco’s Lees-serie 25 (Ledeburg-Gent, 1942).

Sweetman, Robert S. “Christine of Saint-Trond’s Preaching Apostolate: Thomas of Cantimpré’s Hagiographical Method Revisited.” In On Pilgrimage [i.e. Vox Benedictina vol. 11] Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co. 1994; reprinted from Vox Benedictina 9/1 (1992) 66–107.

Sourie, Louis. Het heilig avontuur van Godelieve, Gudula, Kristina en Lutgardis. Mechelen: St. Franciscus Drukkerij, 1942.

Thurston, Herbert. “Christina of Saint Trond.” In Surprising Mystics, 147–155. London: Burns & Oates, 1955.


Elisabeth of Spalbeek

Primary Sources

“S. Elizabeth of Spalbeek”, edited by C. Horstmann. In “Prosalegende: Legende des ms. Douce 114.” Anglia 8 (1885) 102–196. [Middle English translation]

Vita Elisabeth sanctimonialis in Erkenrode, Ordinis Cisterciensis, Leodiensis. In Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum Bibliothecae Regiae Bruxellensis, Vol. 1, 362–378. Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes, 1886.

Secondary Sources

Bussels, Amandus. “Was Elisabeth van Spaalbeek Cisterciënserin in Herkenrode?” Cîteaux 2 (1951) 43–54.

Simons, Walter and Joanna E. “Phenomenal Religion in the Thirteenth Century and Its Image: Elisabeth of Spalbeek and the Passion Cult.” Studies in Church History 27 (1990) 117–126.

**Jaspers, Dany: Elisabeth van Spalbeek en de Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Lourdeskapel. Hasselt: Erfgoedcel Hasselt, 2006.


Ida of Leeuw

Primary Sources

Vita Idae Lewensis. In Quinque prudentes virgines, edited by Chr. Henriquez. 440–458. Antwerp, 1630.

Vita Idae Lewensis, edited by R. de Buck. In Acta Sanctorum October vol. 13 (October 29) 100–135. Paris, 1867.

The Life of Ida of Léau, translated by Martinus Cawley. Lafayette OR: Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey, 1985.

Secondary Sources

O’Dell, Colman. “Ida of Léau: Woman of Desire.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 415–443. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

Steenwegen, Anton. “De gelukz. Ida de Lewis of Ida van Gorsleeuw.” Ons geestelijk erf 57 (1983) 105–133; 209–247; 305–321.

Waddell, Chrysogonus. “Ida of Léau, or The Inconveniences of Ecstasy.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 445–470. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.


Ida of Louvain

Primary Sources

Vita beatae Idae Lovaniensis, edited by Chr. Henriquez. In Quinque prudentes virgines, 289–439. Antwerp, 1630.

Vita beatae Idae Lovaniensis, edited by Daniel Papebroeck. In Acta Sanctorum, April vol. 2 (April 13) 158–189. Paris, 1867.

The Life of Ida of Louvain, translated by Martinus Cawley. Lafayette OR: Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey, 1986.

Secondary Sources

Goetstouwers, A. “Het ‘vita’ der zalige Ida van Leuven: chronologische aantekeningen.” Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis 3, 5 (1953) 197–201.

Hammenecker, Jan. Zoo zuiver als een ooge over Ludgardis, Ida van Leuven en Aleydis. Antwerp, n.d.


Ida of Nivelles

Primary Sources

Vita Idae Nivellensis, edited by Chr. Henriquez. In Quinque prudentes virgines, 197–297. Antwerp, 1630.

De beata Ida de Rameia virgine. In Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum Bibliothecae Regiae Bruxellensis, Pars 1, Codices Latini membranei, Tomus 2, 222–226. Brussels: Société des Bollandistes, 1889.

“The Life of Ida of Nivelles”, translated by Martinus Cawley. In Lives of Ida of Nivelles, Lutgard and Alice the Leper. Lafayette OR: Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey, 1987.

—. “The Life of Ida the Compassionate of Nivelles, Nun of La Ramée”, translated by Martinus Cawley. In Goswin de Bossut, Cantor of Villers-in-Brabant. Send Me God, vol. 1. Lafayette OR: Guadalupe Translations, 1998.

“The Life of Ida the Compassionate of Nivelles, Nun of La Ramée”, translated by Martinus Cawley. In Send Me God: The Lives of Ida the Compassionate of Nivelles, Nun of La Ramée, Arnulf, Lay Brother of Villers, and Abundus, Monk of Villers by Goswin, of Bossut. Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003.

Secondary Sources

Boudreau, Claire. “With Desire Have I Desired”: Ida of Nivelles’ Love for the Eucharist.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 323–344. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

De Ganck, Roger. “Chronological Data in the Lives of Ida of Nivelles and Beatrice of Nazareth.” Ons geestelijk erf 57 (1983) 14–29.

D’Haenens, Albert. “Femmes excédentaires et vocation religieuse: Le cas d’Ide de Nivelles (1200–1231).” In Hommages à la Wallonie: Mélanges d’historie, de littérature et de philologie wallonnes offerts à Maurice A. Arnould et Pierre Ruelle, edited by Hervé Hasquin, 217–234. Bruxelles: Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1981.

Dinzelbacher, Peter. “Ida von Nijvels Brückenvision.” Ons geestelijk erf 52 (1978) 179–194.

Stracke, D.A. “Over de data van de vita Idae Nivellensis.” Ons geestelijk erf 12 (1968) 172–177.


Ivette of Huy

Primary Sources

Vita Ivettae, edited by Chr. Henriquez. Lilia Cistercii 2, 6–85. Douai, 1633.

Hugh of Floreffe. Vita Ivetta seu Iuttae reclusae prope Hoium. In Acta Sanctorum. January vol. 1 (January 13) 863–887. Paris, 1867.

The Life of Yvette of Huy, translated by JoAnn McNamara. Peregrina Translations series. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1999. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

Secondary Sources

Carpenter, Jennifer, “Juette of Huy,Mother and Recluse.” In Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women, edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally-Beth MacLean, 57–93. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Cochelin, Isabelle. “Sainteté laïque: l’exemple de Juette de Huy (1158–1228).” Le Moyen Age 95, 5/3 (1989) 397–417.

Duby, Georges. “Juette.” In Women of the Twelfth Century 1: Eleanor of Aquitaine and Six Others, translated by Jean Birrell from Dames du XIIe siècle 1: Héloïse, Aliénor, Iseut et quelques autres, 79–89. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Freson, J. “Sainte Ivette de Huy: L’hospice des grands malades lèz-Huy.” Annales du Cercle Hutois des Sciences et Beaux Arts 10 (1897) 9–23.

Klopfer, E. “Die selige Jutta, Reklusin zu Huy.” Cistercienser-Chronik 51 (1939) 6–9.

Legros, Élisée. “Pour sainte Juette.” Annales du Cercle Hutois des Sciences et Beaux Arts 24 (1951) 13–21.

Mulder-Bakker, Anneke B. “In besloten kring? Het leven van de kluizenares Ivetta van Hoei.” In Vrouwen wegen wetenschap: Een keur van Vrouwenstudies Groningen, edited by Ellen Offers, Greetje Timmerman and Klaartje Wentholt, 45–65. Groningen: IWEV,1991.

—. “Ivetta of Huy: Mater et Magistra.” In Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages, edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker, 226–258. New York: Garland, 1995.


Juliana of Mont-Cornillon

Primary Sources

De B. Iulianae virgine priorissa Montis-Cornelii, edited by G. Henschen. In Acta Sanctorum April vol. 1 (April 5) 435–475. Paris, 1866.

The Life of Juliana of Mont-Cornillon, translated by Barbara Newman. 2nd ed. Toronto: PeregrinaPublishing Co., 1999. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

Secondary Sources

Bertholet, Jean. Histoire de l’institution de la Fête-Dieu, avec La vie des bienheureuses Julienne et Eve, qui en furent les premières promulgatrices; Suivie de, L’Abrégé historiques de l’institution des illustres confrairies de l’Adoration perpetuelle de l’auguste Sacrement des autels, et surtout de celle érigée dans l’insigne Église Collégiale de Saint Martin, à Liège en 1765. Liège: Jacques-Antoine Gerlach, 1781. [Portrait by A. J. J. Baro de Hubens; 17 etchings by Jos. et Joa. Klauber]

Bihain, Françoise. “L’histoire du domaine de Saint-Martin au Moyen Age.” In Saint-Martin: Mémoire de Liège, 23–25. Liège: Générale de Banque, 1990.

Bolly-Hansez, Mady and Didier. “L’iconographie de Julienne de Cornillon, Isabelle de Huy et Ève de Saint Martin.” In Saint-Martin: Mémoire de Liège, 55–66. Liège: Générale de Banque, 1990.

Cottiaux, Jean. L’office liégeois de la Fête-Dieu: sa valeur et son destin. Louvain: Bureaux de la Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 1963.

—. and Jean-Pierre Delville. “Ève, Julienne et la Fête-Dieu à Saint Martin.” In Saint-Martin: Mémoire de Liège, 31–53. Liège: Générale de Banque, 1990.

Denis, E. Sainte Julienne et Cornillon. Liège, 1927.

Fisen, Bartholomaeus. S. Iulienne; ou, L’Institutions de la feste du très-saint et auguste Sacrement, laquelle lui fut premièrement revelée. Liège: Henry Tournay, 1645.

Hankart, R. L’hospice de Cornillon à Liège.” La vie wallonne 40 (1966) 5–49.

Hontoir, M. Camille. “Le septième centenaire de la Fête-Dieu: Sainte Julienne et les cisterciens.” Collectanea O.C.R. 8 (1946) 109–116.

Lambert, G. “Sainte Julienne de Liège dans le Brabant” Folklore brabançon 16 (1936) 91–91.

Lambot, C. “Les anciennes peintures de l’église de Cornillon representant l’histoire de Sainte Julienne.” Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège 71 (1947) 173–176.

—. “Les anciennes peintures de l’église de Cornillon representant l’histoire de Sainte Julienne.” Revue bénédictine 79 (1969) 255–260.

—. “L’office de la Fête-Dieu: aperçus nouveaux sur ses origines.” Revue bénédictine 54 (1942) 61–123.

—. L’office de la Fête-Dieu primitive. Maredsous: n.p., 1946.

—. “Un précieux manuscrit de la vie de Sainte Julienne du Mont Cornillon.” In Miscellanea historica in honorem Alberti de Meyer, 603–612. Louvain: Bibliothèque de l’Université, 1946.

Simenon, G. La Fête-Dieu et sa signification dans la vie eucharistique de l’Église. Cours et conférences des Semaines liturgiques. Liège, 1934.

—. “Les origines de la Fête-Dieu.” Revue ecclésiastique de Liège 13 (1922) 345–358.

Stiennon, Jacques. “Quelques aspects de la piété féminine et de la dévotion eucharistique dans l’art mosan du XIIIe siècle.” In Saint-Martin: Mémoire de Liège, 67–72. Liège: Générale de Banque, 1990.

Yans, M. Sainte Julienne et l’autorité civile.” Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège 68 (1946) 136–138.


Lutgard of Aywiéres

Primary Sources: Latin

Thomas de Cantimpré. De Lutgarde virgine, sanctimoniali ordinis cisterciensis, Aquiriae in Brabantia, edited by J. Pinius. In Acta Sanctorum, June vol. 3 (June 16) 187–209. Paris, 1867.

 “Supplement à l’édition de la Vita Lutgardis.” Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum Bibliothecae Regiae Bruxellensis, Vol. 2, 220. Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes, 1886.

Sainte Lutgarde, translated by H. Nimal. In Vies de quelques-unes de nos grandes saintes au pays de Liège. Liège: H. Dessain, 1897.

 “Primitive Versions of Thomas of Cantimpré’s Vita Lutgardis,” edited by Guido Hendrix. Cîteaux 29 (1978) 153–206.

“Life of Lutgard”, translated by Martinus Cawley. In Lives of Ida of Nivelles, Lutgard and Alice the Leper. Lafayette OR: Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey, 1987.

“The Life of Lutgard of Aywières”, translated by Margot H. King. Peregrina Translations Series. Rev. ed. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1991. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval  Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

Vie de sainte Lutgard, translated by André Wankenne, sj. Namur: Presses Universitaires de Namur, 1991.

Thomas van Cantimprés Vita Lutgardis: Nederlandse vertaling van de tweede versie naar handschrift Brussel, Koninklijke Bibliotheek Albert I, 8609–8620, edited by Guido Hendrix. Ontmoetingen met Lutgart van Tongeren, benedictines en cisterciënzerin (1182–1246–1966), deel 3. Leuven: Bibliotheek van de Faculteit Godgeleerdheid, 1997.

Primary Sources: Middle Dutch

I. Leven van Sinte Lutgart: tweede en derde boek naar een Kopenhaagsch Handschrift [i.e. Copenhagen, Royal Library, gks 168 4], edited by Frans Van Veerdegehem. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1899.

Sente Lutgart (Kopenhagen, Kongelige Bibliothek Ny Kongelige samling 168), edited by Maurits Gysseling. Corpus van Middelnederlanse teksten (tot en met het jaar 1300) Vol. II, 5. ‘s-Gravenhage-Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 1985.

Het leven van Lutgard: Bloemlezing uit het Kopenhaagse handschrift, samengesteld, vertaald en ingeleid door Yolande Spaans and Ludo Jongen. Middelnederlandse tekstedities 3. Hilversum: Verloren, 1996.

II. Broeder Geraert. Leven van Sinte Lutgardis: een dietsch gedicht ten laetste van de tweede Helft der XIVe Eeuw, naar het oorspronkelijk Handschrift van Broeder Geraert, edited by J.H. Bormans. De dietsche Warande 3 (1857) 132–165, 285–322; 4 (1858) 155–170, 267–302.

—. Sint Lutgart, edited by Maurits Gysseling. Corpus van Middelnederlandse teksten (tot en met het jaar 1300) II/6 (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987) 1–103.

III. Stracke, D.A. “Proza fragmenten van S. Lutgart’s Leven.” Ons geestelijk erf 11 (1937) 281–299.

Secondary Sources

Aerts, J. “Het eerste Aquiria in het Leven van de Heilige Lutgart.” Het oude Land van Loon 19 (1964) 23–24.

—. “Ridder Thimerus van Rogenier uit de Vita S. Lutgardis.” Ons geestelijk erf 43 (1969) 316–323.

—. “Schenkingen van Godefridus, Kasteelheer van Brussel en van zijn zoon Godefridus, Heer van Seneffe aan de Abdij van Aywières.” Ons geestelijk erf 42 (1968) 298–303.

Ampe, A. “Een weinig bekende Lutgart-biographie uit 1787.” Ons geestelijk erf 56 (1982) 278–282.

Barratt, Alexandra. “Language and Body in Thomas of Cantimpré’s Life of Lutgard of Aywières.” Cistercian Studies 30/4 (1995) 339–347.

Bussels, Amandus. “Het Hart van Sinte Lutgart.” Collectanea O.C.R. 8 (1946) 257–283.

—. “Het Sint-Lutgartheiligdom te Tongeren.” De vlaamse toeristische Bibliotheek 63 (1965).

—. “Saint Lutgard’s Mystical Spirituality.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 211–223. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

Deboutte, A. “Lutgarde et sa spiritualité.” Collectanea cisterciensia 44 (1982) 73–85.

—. “Sint Lutgart en Magister Johannes de Liro.” Sinte Lutgart schutsvrouwe van Vlaanderen 18 (1976).

—. Sint Lutgard, patrones van Vlaanderen. Tentoonstellingskataloog, met bijdragen van Am. Bussels en G. Hendrix. 2 vols. Brugge, 1974.

—. “Verloren gewaande Werkje: La vie et légende de Madame Saincte Luthgarde 1545 werd teruggevonden.” Sinte Lutgart Schutsvrouwe van Vlaanderen 9 (1986) 50–57.

—. “The Vita Lutgardis of Thomas of Cantimpré.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 255–281. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

De Man. “Het Leven van Sinte Lutgard door Broeder Geraert: een verwaarloosde Bewerking van Thomas van Cantimpratensis’ Vita Lutgardis.” Ons geestelijk erf 60 (1986) 125–147.

Dinzelbacher, Peter. “Das Christusbild der heiligen Lutgard von Tongeren im Rahmen der Passionsmystik und Bildkunst des 12. und 13. Jahrhunderts.” Ons geestelijk erf 56 (1982) 217–276. Reprinted in Peter Dinzelbacher, Mittelalterliche Frauenmystik 136–187. Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1993.

Gilmore, Alan. “St. Lutgard of Aywières: 1182–1982: What Are These Wounds? [by Thomas Merton]. A Review.” Cistercian Studies 17 (1982) 181–193.

Grauwels, J. “L’abbaye de Mielen à Saint-Trond.” In Monasticon Belge 6: Province de Limbourg (1976) 89–101.

Hammenecker, Jan. Zoo Zuiver als een ooge over Ludgardis, Ida van Leuven en Aleydis. Antwerp, n.d.

Hendrix, Guido. “Het Amsterdamse Leven van Lutgard als Vertaling en een onvermoede getuige in de tekstevolutie van de Vita Lutgardis.” Ons geestelijk erf 61 (1987) 291–303.

—. “Een nieuw element om het Leven Lutgart te dateren.” Ons geestelijk erf 56 (1982) 25–28.

—. “Handschriften van de Vita Lutgardis en van vertalingen ervan in volkstalen uit binnen- en buitenlands bezit: een overzicht.” In Sint Lutgart, patrones van Vlaanderen: tentoonstelling, Brugge, Monasterium O.S.S.R. . . . 17–25 augustus 1974: Kataloog. Door A. Deboutte, met bijdragen van Am. Bussels en Drs. G. Hendrix. Brugge, 1974.

—. “Het middelnederlandse Prozafragment van de Vita Lutgardis.” Ons geestelijk erf 53 (1979) 421–428.

—. Iconografie van Portugal tot Polen. Leuven: Bibliotheek van de Faculteit Godgeleerdheid, 1996.

—. “Kritiek van de attributie van middelnederlandse Teksten aan Willem van Affligem.” Wetenschappelijke Tijdinge 36 (1977) 45–162; 29 (1978) 153–206.

—. Omtrent het Kopenhaagse Leven van Lutgart, de oudste vertaling van Thomas van Cantimprés Vita Lutgardis. Leuven: Bibliotheek van de Faculteit Godgeleerdheid, 1997.

—. “Willem van Affligems Auteurschap van het Leven van Lutgart getoest aan het hoofdstuk Thimere.” Ons geestelijk erf 40 (1966) 343–349.

Heynen, G. “De Benedictinessen te Sint-Truiden en te Nonnemielen.” In Christina de Wonderbare gedenkboek 1150–1950, 25–30. Leuven: Bibliotheca Alfonisiana, 1950.

Jongen, Ludo. “Uit het oog, uit het hart? Over twee heilige maagden: Lutgard en Liedewij.” In Gouden legenden: Heiligenlevens en heiligenverering in de Nederlanden, edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker and Marijke Carasso-Kok, 127–137. Hilversum, 1997.

Jongen, Ludo and Yolande Spanns. “‘En leid ons niet in bekoring’: Over menselijke liefde, Jacobus van Vitry en Lutgard van Tongeren.” Madoc 11 (1997) 3–12.

—. “Tot bloedens toe: Lutgard van Tongeren en het lijden van Christus.” Literatuur 14 (1997).

King, Margot H. “The Dove at the Window: The Ascent of the Soul in Thomas de Cantimpré’s Life of Lutgard of Aywières.” In Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women, edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, 225–253. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1995.

Mantingh, Erwin. “De rol van de rol in de eerste miniatuur van het Kopenhaagse Lutgart-handschrift.” De nieuwe taalgids 87 (1994) 238–247.

—. “De derde man. Op zoek naar Willem van Affligem, auteur van het Leven van Lutgard.” In Op avontuur: Middeleeuse epiek in de Lage Landen, edited by J.D. Janssen [and others], 159–178; 329–341. Amsterdam: Prometheus, 1998.

**. Een monnik met een rol. Willem van Affligem, het Kopenhaagse Leven van Lutgart en de fictie van meerdaagse voorlezing. Hilversum: Verloren, 2000. (Middeleeuwse studies en bronnen 73/Diss. Utrecht).

Merton, Thomas. What Are These Wounds? The Life of A Cistercian Mystic. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1950.

Mikkers, Edmond. “An Exhibition in Honour of St. Lutgart.” Cîteaux 14 (1963) 238–240.

Reypens, L. Lutgart Boek. Tielt: Drukkerij-Uitgeverij J. Lannoo, 1946.

—. “Sint Lutgarts mystieke opgang.” Ons geestelijk erf 20 (1946) 7–49.

Roisin, Simone. “Sainte Lutgarde d’Aywières dans son ordre et dans son temps.” Collectanea O.C.R. 8 (1946) 161–172.

Sinte Lutgart: Schutsvrouwe van Vlaanderen, edited by A. Deboutte. Leuven . [Periodical]

Sourie, Louis. Het heilig Avontuur van Godelieve, Gudula, Kristin en Lutgardis . Mechelen: St. Franciscus Drukkerij, 1942.

Spaapen, B. “Iconographie van de heilige Lutgardis.” Ons geestelijk erf 20 (1946) 102–213; 23 (1949) 210–213.

— and St. Dirne. “De vereering van de H. Lutgardis in en buiten de orde van Cîteaux.” Ons geestelijk erf 20 (1946) 324–368; 434–450.

Stolfi, Emilia. “Le visioni nella Vita LutgardisRivista cistercense Abbazia di Casamari 8 (1991) 265-310.

Van Buuren, A.M.J. “Lutgart van Tongeren.” Andere Structuren, Andere Heiligen, edited by R.E.V. Stuip and C. Vellekoop, 115–132. Utrecht: Hes Uitgeven, 1983.

Van Mierlo, J. Willem van Afflighem en het Leven van Jesus en het Leven van Sinte Lutgart. Koninklijke Vlaamsche Academie voor Taalen Letterkunde; Verslagen en mededeelingen. Ledeberg-Gent: N.V. Drukkerij Erasmus, 1935.

Van Roy, Alb. Lutgardis. Brugge, Brussel: De Kindhoren, 1946.

Zieleman, G.C. “De versifikatie van de ‘Limburgse Aiol’ en ‘Van Sente Lutgart.’” Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde 103 (1987) 81–118.

Zonneveld, Wilm. Van Affligem en Chaucer: ‘Het Leven van Sinte Lutgart’ als jambisch gedicht. Utrecht, 1992.


Margaret of Ypres

Primary Sources: Printed Materials

Thomas de Cantimpré. Vita Margaretae, edited by G.G. Meerseman. In G.G. Meerseman, “Les frères prêcheurs et le mouvement dévot en Flandres au xiiie siècle.” Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 18 (1948) 106–130.

—. The Life of Margaret of Ypres, translated by Margot H. King. Peregrina Translations Series. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1990. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval   Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

Secondary Sources

Coakley, John. “Friars as Confidants of Holy Women in Medieval Dominican Hagiography.” In Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe, edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski and Timea Szell, 222–246. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991. [For Margaret, see 225–228.]

McGinn, Bernard. The Flowering of Mysticism: Men and Women in the New Mysticism, 1200–1350. New York: Crossroad, 1998. [For Margaret, see 162–164.]


Marie d’Oignies

Primary Sources

I. Jacques de Vitry. De B. Maria Oigniacensi in Namurcensis Belgii Dioecesi, edited by Daniel Papebroeck. In Acta sanctorum June vol. 5 (June 23) 542–572. Paris , 1867.

“The Lyf of Seinte Marye of Oegines,” edited by C. Horstmann. In “Prosalegende: Legende des ms Douce 114” Anglia 8 (1885) 134–184. [Middle English translation].

 Vie de Sainte Marie d’Oignies d’aprés le Cardinal Jacques de Vitry, translated by L. B. Tournai, J. Casterman, Carpentras, L. Devillario, 1854.

Vie de Marie d’Oignies, par Jacques de Vitry; Supplément, par Thomas de Cantimpré, translated by André Wankenne. Namur: Société des études classiques, 1989.

The Life of Marie d’Oignies, translated by Margot H. King. In Two Lives of Marie d’Oignies. 4th ed. Peregrina Translations Series. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1998. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval   Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

II. Thomas de Cantimpré. Vita Mariae Oigniacensis, Supplementum, edited by Arnold Rayssius. In Acta sanctorum June vol. 5 (June 23) 572–581. Paris , 1867.

Vie de Marie d’Oignies, par Jacques de Vitry; Supplément, par Thomas de Cantimpré, translated by André Wankenne. Namur: Société des études classiques, 1989.

The Supplement to Jacques de Vitry’s Life of Marie d’Oignies, translated by Hugh Feiss, osb. In Two Lives of Marie d’Oignies. 4th ed. Peregrina Translations Series. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1998. New edition forthcoming in the series Medieval   Women: Texts and Contexts, published by Brepols (Turnhout).

III.Hymni de Maria de Nivelle, edited by Guido Maria Dreves. In Analecta Hymnica Medii aevi, vol. 12: Hymni Inediti: Liturgische Hymnen des Mittelalters, nos. 323, 324, 325, 178–179. Leipzig: O.R. Reisland, 1892.

IV. Die XXIII Juni in festo Sanctae Mariae Oigniacensis. 1842.

Secondary Sources

Baix, F. “Un double témoignage de Jacques de Vitry sur sainte Marie d’Oignies.” Namurcum 25 (1950).

Bolton, Brenda. “Spiegels van Vroomheid: Reliken van Maria van Oignies” translated by Janine Verster. In De Dynamiek van Religie en Cultuur: Geschiedenis van het nederlands Katholicism, edited by M.E. Monteiro, Gerard Rooijakkers and J.G.G.M. Rosendaal, 124–137. Kampen: Kok, 1993.

Brede, L. “Maria von Oignies (Marie von Willebroeck).” Heiligen in ihrer Zeit 2 (1966) 44–46.

Courtoy, F. “Inventaire du Musée de Namur 12: Croix reliquaire d’Oignies XIIIe siècle.” Namurcum 6/1 (1929) 1–5.

—. “Le trésor du prieuré d’Oignies aux Soeurs de Notre-Dame à Namur et l’oeuvre du Frére Hugo.” Bulletin de la Commission Royale des Monuments et des Sites 3 (1951–1952) 122–124.

Destrée, D. “Phylactère executé par le Frère Hugo d’Oignies.” Bulletin des Musées Royaux des arts décoratifs et industriels. 1904.

Dushkes, Laura S. “Illness and Healing in the Vitae of Mary of Oignies.” M.A. dissertation. Seattle: University of Washington, 1988.

Geyer, Iris. Maria von Oignies: Eine hochmittelalterlich Mystikerin zwischen Ketzerei und Rechtgläubigkeit. Frankfurt a/m: Peter Lang, 1992.

Hucq, E. “Le sarcophage presumé de la bienheureuse Marie d’Oignies.” Annales de la Société archéologique de Namur 38 (1928) 231–244.

Klassen, Pamela. “Writing the Lives of the Saints: Four Holy Women Tell their Stories.” Grail 19 (1993) 11–39. [Includes Marie d’Oignies]

Kurtz, Patricia Deery. “Mary of Oignies, Christine the Marvelous and Medieval Heresy.” Mystics Quarterly 14 (1988) 186–196.

Labie, A.F. “Marie d’Oignies.” In Histoire des saints et de la sainteté chrétienne, ed. Francesco Chiovaro, 210–214. Paris: Hachette, 1986.

Larrington, Carolyne. “The Candlemas Vision and Marie d'Oignies's Role in its Dissemination.” In New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and their Impact, edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, 195-214. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999.

Lauwers, Michel. “Entre béguinisme et mysticisme: La vie de Marie d’Oignies († 1213) de Jacques de Vitry, ou la définition d’une sainteté féminine.” Ons geestelijk erf 66 (1992) 46–69.

—. “Expérience béguinale et récit hagiographique à propos de la ‘Vita Mariae Oigniacensis’ de Jacques de Vitry.” Journal des savants (1989) 61–103.

—. “Noli me tangere’: Marie Madeleine, Marie d’Oignies et les pénitentes de XIIIe siècles.” Mélanges de l’École française de Rome: Moyen Age 104 (1992) 209–268.

Lejeune, R. “L’évèque de Toulouse: Foulquet de Marseille et la principauté de Liège.” In Mélanges Félix Rousseau: Études sur l’histoire du pays mosan au moyen-âge, 433–448. Bruxelles: La Renaissance du Livre, 1958.

Marsolais, Miriam. “Marie d’Oignies: Jacques de Vitry’s Exemplum of an Ideal Victorine Mystic.” M.A. dissertation, Berkeley, Graduate Theological Union, 1988.

McGinn, Bernard. “Marie d’Oignies and the New Mysticism.” Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift 72 (1996) 97–109.

Misonne, Daniel. “Office liturgique neumé de la bienheureuse Marie d’Oignies à l’Abbaye de Viller au xiiie siècle.” In Album J. Balon. Namur: Les Anciens Etablissements Godenne, 1968.

Piebegna, Gryt Anne. “Om de svenski Oversettelsen av Vita Mariae Oigniacensis.” Kyrkohisorisk Årsskrift (1989) 47–53.

Schmitz, Yves. Sainte Marie de Nivelles dite d’Oignies: Comité des Fêtes du 750me anniversaire de la mort de Ste. Marie du Nivelles dite d’Oignies. Nivelles: Les Presses de l’Imprimerie Havaux, 1963.

Thurston, Herbert. “The Transition Period of Catholic Mysticism I.” The Month 139 (1922) 527–537.

Van der Toorn-Piebenga, G.A. “De Vita Mariae Oignicensis in Scandinavië.” Ons geestelijk erf 65 (1991) 13–22.

Le trésor d’Oignies et le Frère Hugo: Exposition, crypte de la Collegiale Sainte Gertrude 1 juin–15 juillet 1963. Nivelles: Imprimerie Havaux, 1963.

Van Peteghem, Denis. “Hommage à Ste. Marie d’Oignies.” Le Folklore brabançon 158 (1963) 260–270.

Vauchez, André. “Prosélytisme et action antihérétique en milieu féminin au xiiie siècle: La Vie de Marie d’Oignies († 1213) par Jacques de Vitry.” In Propagande et contre-propagande religieuses, edited by Jacques Marx, 95–110. Brussels: Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 1987.


The Vitae: Manuscripts


Aleydis of Scarbeek

I. Latin:

Saec.xiv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 4459–70 (3161), ff. 48–57: “Vita sanctimonialis Aleidis de Scarenbeke.” [Cistercian: Villers-la-Ville; Augustinian: Louvain; Val Saint Martin] Also contains Christina .

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8609–20 (3206), ff. 139–146: Vita sanctimonialis Aleidis de Scharenbeka. [After 1250. Cistercian: Cambre St. Marie] Also includes Christina and Ida of Nivelles.

Saec. xv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale IV. 778, 11 ff.: Vita sanctae Aleydis. [ca. 1500. La Cambre].

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 248–252v: Vita sanctimonialis Aleidis de Scarenbeke. [Rouge Cloître. Gielemans] Also includes Marie, Ida of Louvain, Ida of Nivelles, Ida of Léau, and Lutgard.

II. Middle Dutch

‘s-Gravenhage, Koninklijke Bibliotheek 71 H 7, ff. 1–8v: Sinte Aleijdes van Scarembeke leuen. [Brabant. 15th century].


Christina of Saint-Trond, called The Astonishing

I. Latin

Saec. xiii

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8609–20 (3206), ff. 127v–138: Vita Beatae Christine de opido Sancti Trudonis. [After 1250. Cistercian: Cambre St. Marie] Also includes Aleydis and Ida of Nivelles.

Fabriano. S. Silvestro 21, ff. 111+25+11: Vita B. Christinae mirabilis. [Central Italian minuscule]

Saec. xiv

Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, B IX. 11, ff. 92ra–93vb: Vita sancte Christine cognomento mirabilis. [Dominican: Basel]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 4459–70 (3161), ff. 168–180v: “Vita beate Cristine de opido sancti Trudonis in Asbania auctore fratre Thoma de Contipreit ordinis praedicatorum.” [Cistercian: Villers-la-Ville; Augustinian: Val Saint Martin, Louvain] Also contains Aleydis of Scharbeek].

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8060–4, ff.132–137v: Vita beate Christine cognornento mirabilis de oppido Sancti Trudonis. [ca. 1380–1390. Bollandists] Also includes Marie d’Oignies.

Liège. Grand Seminaire 6. L. 21, ff. ccxii–220 [i.e. ff. 212v–227v]: Vita beate Cristine virginis cognomine mirabilis. [Liber fratrum sancte crucis de claro loco prope et extra muros opidi huyensis leodiensis dyocesis]

Oxford. Bodleian Library, Bodl. 240, ff. 708–712: Vita Christinae. [Bury St. Edmunds]. Also includes Marie.

Saec. xv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 3189 (7917), ff. 171–176v: Vita mirabilis Christinae descripta a fratre Thoma, suppriore conventus Lovaniensis Ordinis Fratrum Predicatorum. [ca. 1475. Frères de la Vie Commune: Utrecht, St. Jerome; Bollandists] Also includes Marie d’Oignies.

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale II. 2328 (3310), ff. 99v–116v: Vita Christine cognomento mirabilis. [f. 1: Liber domus fratrum cleriocurm in Buscoducis; f. 33: Abbatiae Bernensis ordinis Praemonstratensis; f. 6: Philipps MS 8319]

Cambrai , Bibliothèque Municipale 839, ff. 37–46v: Vita beate Christine de opido sancti Trudonis in Hasbanio. [Saint Sepulchre]

Cologne, Stadtarchiv GB oct. 3, ff. 160–180v: Vita B. Cristinae de opido S. Trudonis de Hasbania. [Friars Minor: Cologne]

Groningen, Universiteitsbibliotheek 23, ff. 98–109: Vita Beatae Christinae de Hasbanio. [ after 1446. f. 1v: “Iste liber pertinet ad domum confessoris sororum antiqui conventus in Groningen]

Trier. Historisches Archiv 1168 (231), ff. 226–235: Vita beate Christine virgine de opido Sancti Trudonis. [Desinit: diemque neque horam] Also includes Marie d’Oignies.

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12708–12709 (olim 9364), ff. 21–37v: Vita mirabilis Christine virginis quae floruit anno Domini M.CCC. tertio decimo. [Rubea Vallea. Gielemans]

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12831 (olim 7909) ff. 55v–65: [Vita Christinae].

Oxford. St. John’s College, 182, ff. 87–105v: Vita S. Christinae auctore Thoma Cantimpratensi. [Witham]. Also includes Marie d’Oignies.

Paris. Arsenal 413, ff. 107–109: [Vita Christinae]. [Carmes de chausses. S. Croix dela Bretonnerie]

Saec. xvii

Arras, Bibliothèque Municipale 87: Vita Cristinae. [Monasterium S. Vedasti]

Trier. Stadtbibliothek, 1177–(479), ff. 65–80v: Vita Christine ancilla Christi cognomine mirabilis.

II. Middle Dutch

Amsterdam, Universiteitsbibliotheek 1 57 G, 103r-147r: Brueder Geraert, Sinte kerstinen heilege leuen naar de Vita Christinae Mirabilis van Thomas van Cantimpré.   Also contains a Middle Dutch Lutgard of Aywières

Düsseldorf Hauptstaatsarchiv, G.V.1 (olim A234), ff. 116ra–134rb. [ca. 1460. Geldern]

Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek Letterk. 1211, ff. 1ra–118va. [ca. 1470–1480. Amsterdam]

Würzburg. Universitätsbibliothek, M. ch. q. 144, ff. 10r–36. [ca. 1470. Carthusians: Sint-Andries ter Zalige Haven, Amsterdam]

III. Middle English:

Oxford. Bodleian Library, MS Douce 114, ff. 12–26v: Seinte Cristin the meruelous. [Carthusians: Nottingham] Also includes Marie d’Oignies and Elisabeth of Spaalbeek.

IV. French

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 10487–90 (5016), ff. 76–112v: La vie de Sainte Cristine surnomme merveilleuse. [1470. Paris, Bibliothèque du roi; Bibliothèque Nationale]


Ida of Louvain

Saec. xv

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 167–197: [La vie de Ida de Louvain]. [Rouge Cloître. Gielemans] Also includes Marie d’Oignies, Ida of Nivelles, Ida of Léau, Lutgard of Aywères, Aleydis of Scharbeek.


Ida of Nivelles

I. Latin:

Saec. xiii

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8609–20 (3206), ff. ff. 147–179: Vita ancillae Christi et sanctimonialis de Rameia [i.e. Ida of Nivelles]. [After 1250. Cistercians: La Cambre St. Marie] Also includes Aleydis and Christina]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8895–96 (3220), ff. 1–28: Vita ancille Christi Ide sanctimonialis in Rameya; Miracula eius patrata post mortem, ff. 28–29v. [Cistercians: La Ramée, Anvers; Bollandists] Also includes Ida of Léau]

Saec. xv

Mechelen. Groot Seminarie 21, ff. 161–197: Vita B. Idae Nivellensis; ff. 197–197v: Epitaphium B. Idae Nivellensis; ff. 197–200: Miracula B. Idae Nivellensis. [Prieuré des Augustins de Bois Seigneur. Now at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Faculteit der Godgeleerdheid Bibliotheek]

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 197–217v, 217v; 217v–218v: [La vie de Ida de Nivelles] [Rouge Cloître. Gielemans}] Also includes Marie, Ida of Louvain, Ida of Léau, Lutgard, Aleydis of Scharbeek.

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12853 (olim 7927), ff. 1–38v: [La vie de Ste. Ide de Nivelles]. Also includes Ida of Léau.

II. Middle Dutch

‘s-Gravenhage, Koninklijke Bibliotheek 71 H 8, ff. 1–57: Dat leven der heyligher deernen Christi Jde van Nivelle. [ca. 1500. Southern Netherlands]


Ida of Léau

I. Latin:

Saec. xiv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8895–96 (3220), ff. ff. 30–45: Vita domne Yde dicte de Lewis sanctimonialis in Rameya. [Cistercians; La Ramée; Anvers: Bollandists] Also includes Ida of Nivelles

Saec. xv

Liège. Bibliothèque de l’Université 135, ff. 232–250v: Vita beate virginis Yde [de Léau]. [Couvent des Croisiers, Huy]

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 218v–228v: [La vie de Ida de Léau]. [Rouge Cloître. Gielemans] Also includes Marie, Ida of Louvain, Ida of Nivelles, Lutgard, Aleydis of Scharbeek.

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12853 (olim 7927), ff. 43–67: [La vie de Ste Ide de Léau] Also includes Ida of Nivelles

Saec. xix

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale II. 4361, 1–2, ff. 117v–181v: Vita ancilla Christi Ida sanctimonialis in Rameya; ff. 181v–182: Versus; ff. 183r–186r: Miracula. [1836. Modern copy. f. 117r, in modern hand: saec. xiii Ven. Ida Sanctimonialis an. 1231 en Rameya; ad 11 Decernbris. cfr. Butler tome XVIII. Vita haec descripta est ex cod. … Bibliothece Burgundis no. 361e – in eodam codice exstat vita B. Ida de Lewes.


Ivette of Huy

The text used in the Acta sanctorum was based on a manuscript, now lost, which had been lent to the Bollandists by Aubertus Miraeus. The only other known MS dates from the seventeenth century: Trier 1177 (1421) 81–136v.


Juliana of Mont-Cornillon

Saec. xiii

Paris. Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal 945, 1–56v: Vita venerabilis Iulianae de Corelion. [1280: Villers?]

Saec. xv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale II, 2759 (3319), ff. 1–103: Vita venerabilis virginis Christi Iulianae de Corelion. [1475. Monastery of Val-Duchess, Auderghem] Also includes ff. 103–104: Bulla Urbani quarti que originaliter servatur in ecclesia sancti Martini leodensis; ff. 104: Oratio ad B. Iulianam virginam]

Munich, Stadtbibliothek 18712, ff. 143–156. [Cahiers de Coens II, 7: “sine prologo; copie de Munich 845, xiv”]

Munich, Stadtbibliothek 23846, f. 410v–421v. [Cahiers de Coens, II, 11)

Vienna. Hagiologium brabantinorum, vol. 2 [1482–1484. Compiled by Jean Gielemans, Roode Clooster]

Saec. xvi

Cologne, Stadtsarchiv 172. [Wallraff]

Saec. xviii

Liège, Bibliothèque du Séminaire 30 A 9: Office de Sainte-Julienne. [After 1766]


Lutgard of Aywières

For a detailed list of the MSS containing the Vita Lutgardis, see Guido Hendrix. Handschriften van de vita Lutgardis en het vertalingen ervan in volkstalen uit binnen- en buitenland. Brugge: Gilde van St. Lutgart, 1974.

I. Latin

Saec. xiii

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8609–20,ff. 100r–127v: Vita Lutgardis. Includes Christina and Ida of Nivelles.

Saec. xiv

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 1770–77, ff. 42r–70v. Vita Lutgardis.

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 7917 (3189), ff. 116r–121r: “Vita sancte Lutgardis virginis et monealis.”

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8763–74 (3216), ff. 147–181. “Vita pie Lutgardis.”

Cambrai, Bibliothèque Publique 844 (749): ff. 1–28v. Vita Lutgardis.

Dijon, Bibliothèque Publique 661(400), 62 ff. [Cîteaux]

Namur, Hotel de Croix 160, ff. 1–43. Vita Lutgardis.

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 228v–246. Vita Lutgardis. Also includes Marie, Ida of Louvain, Ida of Nivelles, Ida of Léau, Aleydis of Scharbeek.

Saec. xv

Trier, Stadtbibliothek 1170 (223): ff. 151–185. Vita Lutgardis. [Explicit: “… vita piae Lutgardis scripta per f. gunterum inutilem a.d. 1487”. Monasterium sancti Mathie apostoli extra muros Treverenses]

Saec. xvii

Trier, Stadtbibliothek 1178 (olim 1421): ff. 49–64. Vita Lutgardis. Also includes Christina, Yvette, and Elisabeth.

II. Middle Dutch

Copenhagen, Royal Library n.k.s. Nr. 168, 4°: “Poema idiomate Belgico de vita Sanctae Lutgardis, Lib. II et III.”

Amsterdam, Universiteitsbibliotheek 1 G 57R, fol. 10r-102v. Also contains a Middle Dutch Christina the Astonishing

Bruxelles, Bibliotheca Bollandiana 487 (olim 72), 9 ff.: “[Leven] Sinte lutgaert.” [Prose fragment]

Bruges, Groot Seminarie 184bis–198, ff. 114r–166v: “… leven vande heylighe Lutgardis maghet religieuse vande Ordre van Cisteaux in het clooster van Aywiers in Walsch Brabant.”

III. French

Leuven, Theologische Faculteitsbibliotheek 124, ff. 29r–30v: “La vie de Sainte Lutgarde vierge.” [Seal of Archbishop van Hovius of Mechelen, 1596–1620].


Margaret of Ypres

Saec. xiv

Bruxelles. Bibliothèque Royale 4459–70, ff. 181r–207r.

Saec. xv

Bruxelles. Bibliothèque Royale 8751–60, ff. 138r–154v. [Dated 1442]

Bruxelles. Bibliothèque Royale 3391–99, ff. 181–193. [Dated 1480]


Marie d’Oignies

I. Latin Manuscripts

Saec. xiii

Baltimore. Walters Art Gallery 385, ff. 73–97: Vita Mariae Oigniacensis.

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale II. 700 (3280), 91 ff.: Vita sancte Marie de Oegnies. [f. 1v: Bibliothecae Oegniacensis]

Dijon, Bibliothèque Municipale 662 (401) 42 ff.: Vita beatae Mariae Oigniacensis auctore Jacobo de Vitriaco. [Cîteaux]

Laon, Bibliothèque Publique 80: Vita domine Marie de Oegnies scripta a domino Jacobo, de Viteri. [Notre Dame de Laon]

Laon, Bibliothèque Publique 278: Magistri Jacobi de Viteri . . . Vita Christi ancille sancte Marie de Oegnies ad dominum Fulchonem Tolosanum episcopum. [L’Abbaye de S. Vincent]

Laon, Bibliothèque Publique 345: Vita S. Marie de Oignies. [Vauclair]

Leuven, Kaisersberg, ff. 118–154v: Vita S. Mariae Oigniacensis. [f. 1r: Ex libris J.P. Du Vivier, vicarii in Heusi, nunc canonici Alosit; f. 155v: L’an mil IIII cent et XXXVI . . . XIII en libelle(s) de Valenceyns.

Liège. Bibliothèque de l’Université 260, ff. 103v–146: Jacobi de Vitriaco vita beatae Mariae Oigniacensis. [Abbaye de Saint-Trond; “sec. XII” written inside back cover]

Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, 2695, ff. 119–150: Magistri Jacobi de Vitriaco vita dilectae Domini Mariae de Ognies. [Olim Putaneus, deinde Regius c. 4321]

Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, 2795, ff. 124–176v: Vita sancte Christi ancille Marie de Oegnies. [Olim “Liber Sancte Marie de Bono Porto” deinde Colbertinus 5207, postea Regius c.4046.5]

Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, 9743, ff. 23v–53: Vita beate Marie de Oegnies Virginis, per D. Jacobum de Vitriaco cardinalem scripta. [Olim “De Camberone”]

Troyes. Bibliothèque Publique 1434: Vita domine Marie de Onghies. [Clairvaux]

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 488, ff. 1–48: Vita sancte Christi ancille Marie de Oegnies. [West niederdeutschen Gebiet]

Saec. xiii/xiv

London, British Library, Harl. 4725, ff. 156–204: [Vita Marie d’Oignies] [Durham Cathedral. Benedictines.]

Saec. xiv

Bruxelles, Bibliotheca Bollandiana 398, ff. 1–27v: Vita sanctae Christi ancillae Mariae de Oegnies ad Fulconem Tholosanum episcopum. [Cornelius Duijn]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 5047 (3166), 73 ff.: Iacobus de Vitriaco, Vita sancte Christi ancillae Mariae de Oegnies. [Bibliothecae FF. Minorum Recollectorun Nivellensium]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8060–4, ff. 37v–158v: Vita Sancte Marie de Oygnies nata de villa quae dicitur Nivella in episcopatu Leodii. [ca. 1380–1390. Antwerp Jesuits. Also includes Christina the Astonishing]

Charleville, Bibliothèque Publique 181, ff. 224–251: Vita Domine Marie de Oegnies edita a magistro Iacobo de Vitriaco episcopo, Aconensi. [f. 223: “Liber Montis Dei, Carthusiensis ordinis, Remensis diocesis. Venit de Virduno cum duabus legendis aureis et multis aliis libris. Orate pro illis a quibus et per quos habuinus” <14th century hand>; f. 307v: “Codice conscripto, cantetur gloria Christo. Amen. Hic liber est de Monte Dei, Carthusiensis ordinis, Remensis diocecsis” <14th century hand>]

Charleville, Bibliothèque Publique 244, ff. 177–190: Vita domne Marie de Oegnies edita a magistro lacobo de Vitriaco, episcopo, Aconensi. [f. 1: Canonicorum S. Augustini Bellaevallensium <17th century hand>]

Liège. Grand Seminaire 6. l. 21, ff. clv–clviii: De Maria dicta de Oegnies. [Liber fratrum sancte crucis de claro loco prope et extra muros opidi huyensis leodiensis dyocesis]

Oxford. Bodleian Library, 240, ff. 475–480: [Vita Marie d’Oignies]. [Bury St. Edmunds. Also includes Christina]

Rome. Vatican Palat. 866, ff. 92v–100: [De S. Maria Oigniacensi].

Saint Omer. Bibliothèque Municipale, 769, ff. 40–91: Vita S. Christi ancille Marie de Oegnies. [Abbaye de Clermaretz. f. 1266: “Hoc perscripsit fr. Bernardus de Ypris monachus Clarimar<iscensis> die beati Nicholai episcopi anno xxixe etc.”]

Saec. xiv/xv

Charleville, Bibliothèque Publique 181, ff. 224–251: Vita Domine Marie de Oegnies edita a magistro Iacobo de Vitriaco episcopo, Aconensi. [f. 223: Liber Montis Dei, Carthusiensis ordinis, Remensis diocesis. Venit de Virduno cum duabus legendis aureis et multis aliis libris. Orate pro illis a quibus et per quos habuinus (14th century hand); f. 307v: Codice conscripto, cantetur gloria Christo. Amen. Hic liber est de Monte Dei, Carthusiensis ordinis, Remensis diocecsis <14th century hand>]

Saec. xv

Breslau, Reg. Bibl. Pavlina Monas. 218, ff. 1–27: Vita Marie d’Oignies. [Augustinian Canon Reg. Bodecensium]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 3259 (20605), 51 ff.: Vita Sanctae Christi ancilla Mariae de Oegnies.

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 3189 (7917), ff. 122v–142v: Iacobi Aconensis episcopi [vita] sancte ancille Christi Marie de Oegnies. [ca. 1475. Utrecht, St. Jerome, Frères de la Vie Commune, Antwerp Bollandists]. Also includes Christina

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8629–39 (3209), ff. 3–51v: Vita sancte Christi ancille Marie de Oegnies. [Ex libris: Liber iste pertinet fratribus sancte Crucis vallis sancti Petri in Hoinn] [Croisier de Hoornil; then to Corneille Duyn]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 8629–39 (3209), ff. 53–61v: Quaedam additiones cuiusdam canonici Cantimpratensis cenobii de vita Marie de Oingnies. [Ex libris: Liber iste pertinet fratribus sancte Crucis vallis sancti Petri in Hoinn [Croisier de Hoornil; then to Corneille Duyn]

Douai, Bibliothèque Municipale 869, ff. 89–97: [Vita Maria d’Oignies]. [Friars Minor, Douai]

Florence. Bibliotheca Nazionale ii. iv. 105, ff. 78–91: [Vita Marie d’Oignies]. [Gia della Smunto ac ad. della Crusca: poi del Maglia bechi]

Liège. Bibliothèque de l’Université 135, ff. 171–207v: Vita Sanctae Mariae Ogniacensis per Jacobum de Vitriaco cardinalem Tusculanensem. [Couvent des Croisiers de Huy]

Liège. Bibliothèque de l’Université 135, ff. 221–231: Additiones ad vitam S. Mariae de Oignies, auctore Fr. Nicolao, canonico regulari coenobii Cantipratensis. [Couvent des Croisiers de Huy]

Mechelen, Groot Seminarie 20, ff. 73–118: Vita venerabilis deoque dilecte ac Christi sponse Marie de Willlambrouc alias de oeignies; ff. 118–133v: Quaedam gesta admirabilis de deoque dilecte Marie de Willambrouc alias dicte de Oegnies. [Prieuré des Augustins de Bois Seigneur. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Faculteit der Godgeleerdheid Bibliotheek]

Namur, Bibliothèque Publique, Mus. Arch. 49, ff. 182–211v: Vita sancte Christi ancille Marie de Oegnies. [Le Jardinet, Cisterciens Monasterium Gardineto iuxta Walcuriam]

Oxford. St. John’s College, 182, ff. 1–68v: De vita B. Mariae Ogniacensis libri duo. [Witham] Also includes Christina.

Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, 3631, ff. 76–83: Vita beate Marie de Oegnies. [Olim Domus Fontis Beatae Mariae]

Paris. Bibliothèque Nationale, , ff. 149v–153v: Vita sancte Marie virginis et martyris [sic]. [Olim Epternacensis, deinde Suppl. lat. 544. 2]

Rome. Vatican Reg. 583, f. 2v: De S. Maria de Ongines.

‘s-Gravenhage, Koninklijke Bibliotheek x. 72, ff. 34–57v: Vita S. Mariae de Oegenes a patra Jacobo Aconensi conscripta.

Ste. Geneviève, Bibliothèque Municipale 1979, ff. 53: [Vita Marie d’Oignies].

Trier. Historisches Archiv 1168 (231), ff. 204–221v: Excerpta ex vita sancte Marie de Oegnies. Also includes Christina.

Valenciennes. Bibliothèque Municipale 126, ff. 291v–306: [Vita Marie d’Oignies]. [Maison de Croy; scribe, Martin van Loesuelt]

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12706–12707, ff. 126v–46: [La vie de Marie d’Oignies]; ff. 146149v: [Supplementum]. Saec. [Rouge Cloître <Roode Clooster> Gielemans] Also includes Ida of Louvain, Ida of Nivelles, Ida of Léau, Lutgard, Aleydis of Scharbeek.

Vienna. Österreichische Nationalbibliothek 12831(olim 7909), ff. 16–51; 1: [La vie de Ste. Marie d’Oignies].

Saec. xv/xvi

Troyes. Bibliothèque Publique 401, ff. 49–73v: Vita s. Marie de Oignies.

Saec. xvi:

Lille. Bibliothèque Municipale, 450, ff. 58v–59v: [Vita Marie d’Oignies]. [Abbaye de Loose, B. Marie de Laude]

Lille. Bibliothèque Municipale 239, ff. 1–63v: [Vita Christi ancille Marie de Odingnies].

II. Middle Dutch

Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek BPL 2231, ff. 55v–95r: Die heylighe vrouwe Maria van Oygnies. [Ex libris: Gaesdonck]

III. Middle English

Oxford. Bodleian Library, Douce 114, ff. 26v–76v: Seint Mary of Oegines. [Iste liber est domus Belle Vallis ordinis Cartusiensis in comitatu Notyngham] Also includes Christina the Astonishing

IV. Miscellaneous

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 10203 (1607): “Examples”/Rem. au calendrier: Marie (Ste.) d’Oignies (23. 6),” ff. 253–271. 1385. f. 337r: Lan mille IIJ cens/XXVI. fut ci prese(n)s liu(re)s escri en le foreis don nouurion . priies pour celui qui lescrit que diex li fache mercit An(en). [1385; Le Nourion; Paris Bibl. Nationale].

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale 11098 (3358): Solitudo; sive, Vitae foeminarum anachoritarum, ab Adriano Collardo collectae atque expressae, a Cornelio Kiliano Dufflaeo carmine elegiaco explanatae. [Saec. xvii. Printed. Marie d’Oignies, #68, f. 138v. [Printed etchings; text in modern hand]

Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale II. 1658 (571): Office de la Bse. Marie d’Oignies. [Saec. xiii. Bruxelles Conservatoire Royal de Bruxelles; Pinchart (Ad)]


The Biographers


Jacques de Vitry

Primary Sources

Exempla

Die Exempla des Jacob von Vitry: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Erzählungsliteratur des Mittelalters, edited by Goswin Frenken. Quellen und untersuchungen zur lateinischen Philologie des Mittelalters. München: C.H. Beck, 1914.

Die Exempla aus den Sermones Feriales et Communes, edited by Joseph Greven. Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1914.

The Exempla; or, Illustrative Stories from the Sermons, edited with introduction, analysis and notes by Thomas Frederick Crane. 1890; rpt. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus, 1967.

Histories

Libri duo, quorum prior orientalis, sive Hierosolymitanae, alter occidentalis historiae nomine inscribitur, edited by Franciscus Moschus. Duaci: Balthazaris Belleri, 1597; rpt. Farnborough: Gregg, 1971.

The History of Jerusalem A.D. 1180, translated by Aubrey Stewart. London: Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society, 1896.

Historia occidentalis, edited by John Frederick Hinnebusch. Spicilegium Friburgense. Fribourg: The University Press, 1972.

La traduction de l’Historia Orientalis de Jacques de Vitry, edited with introduction, notes and glossary by Claude Buridant. Paris: Klincksieck, 1986.

Histoire occidentale, translated by Gaston Duchet-Suchaux; introduction and notes by Jean Longère. Paris: Cerf, 1997.

Letters

Briefe des Jacobus de Vitriaco, 1216–1221, edited by Reinhold Rohricht. Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte (1895) 72–114.

 [Letters 1 and 6]. In Analekten zur Geschichte des Franciscus von Assisi. Sammlung ausgewählter Kirchen- und dogmengeschichtlicher Quellenschriften. 3rd ed. Tübingen, 1961.

Lettres de la cinquième croisade. Texte latin établi par R.B.C. Huygens, traduit et présenté par G. Duchet-Suchaux. Sous la règle de saint Augustin. Turnholt: Brepols, 1998.

Lettres de Jacques de Vitry (1160/1170–1240, évêque de Saint-Jean-d’Acre, edited by R.B.C. Huygens. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960.

Sermons

De mortuis, edited by Jean Longère. In Moines et moniales face à la mort: Actes du colloque de Lille des 2, 3 et 4 octobre 1993 à l’Université Catholique, 235–281. Villetaneuse: cahmer, 1993.

Sermo ad agricolas et alios operarios, edited by J.T. Welter. In Jean Thiébaut Welter. L’exemplum dans la littérature religieuse et didactique du Moyen Ages, 457–467. 1927; rpt. New York: AMS Press, 1973.

Sermo ad conjugatos [Sermon aux gens mariés], edited by Marie-Claire Gasnault. In Prêcher d’exemples: Récits de prédicateurs du Moyen Age, edited by Jean-Claude Schmitt, 41–67. Paris: Stock, 1985.

Sermo ad praelatos et sacerdotes, edited by Jean Longère. In L’écrit dans la société médiévale: divers aspects de sa pratique du XIe au XVe siécle: Textes en hommage à Lucie Fossier, edited by Caroline Bourlet and Annie Dufour, 47–60. Paris: Éditions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1991.

Sermo ad virgines et iuvenculas, edited by Joseph Greven. In “Ursprung des Beginenwesens” Historisches Jahrbuch 35 (1914) 25–58; 291–318.

Sermo in festo Marie Magdalene, edited by Michel Lauwers. In “Noli me tangere’: Marie Madeleine, Marie d’Oignies et les pénitentes de xiiie siècles.” Mélanges de l’École française de Rome: Moyen Age 104 (1992) 259–268.

Sermones ad canonicos, edited by Jean Longère. Recherches augustiniennes 23 (1988) 151–212.

Sermones ad fratres minores duo, edited by Hilarin Felder. Spicilegium franciscanum 5 (Rome, 1903) 1–63; Analecta Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum 19 (1903) 114–158.

Sermones ad leprosos. In Voluntate Dei leprosus: les lépreux entre conversion et exclusion aux XIIème siècle, ed. Nicole Bériou and François-Olivier Touati, 101–128. Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo, 1991.

Sermones ad religiosas, edited by Jean Longère. In Les Religieuses en France au XIIIe siècle: Table ronde organisée par l’Institut d’études médiévales de l’Université de Nancy II et le C.E.R.C.O.M., 25–26 juin 1983, edited by Michel Parisse, 215–300. Nancy: Presses universitaires de Nancy, 1985.

Sermones ad servos et ancillas, edited by Jean Longère. In La femme au moyen âge, edited by Michel Rouche and Jean Heuclin, 261–296. Maubeuge, France; Paris: Diffusion, J. Touzot, 1990.

Sermones ad status. In J. Pitra, Analecta novissima spicilegii Solesmensis, Altera continuatio, Vol. 2, 189–193; 344–461. Tusculana, 1888; rpt. Farnborough: Gregg Press, 1971. [Partial edition]

Sermones de sanctis, edited by Monica Sandor, George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig. In preparation.

“The Sermones feriales of Jacques de Vitry: A Critical Edition.” edited by Carolyn Muessig. PhD dissertation, Université de Montréal, 1993.

Si annis multis vixerat homo, edited by Jean Longère. In L’Église et la mémoire des morts dans la France médiévale: communications présentées à la table ronde du C.N.R.S., le 14 juin 1982, 31–51, edited by Jean-Loup Lemaître. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1986.

Vita Mariae Oigniacensis.

Primary Sources: see under main entry

Secondary Sources

Benton, John F. “Qui étaient les parents de Jacques de Vitry?” Le Moyen Age 19/1964 (1964) 32–43.

Berlière, Ursmer. “Jacques de Vitry et ses relations avec les abbayes d’Aywières et de Doorezeele.” Revue bénédictine 25 (1908) 185–193.

Cannuyer, Christian. “La date de redaction de l’Historia orientalis de Jacques de Vitry.” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 78 (1983) 65–72.

Elm, Kaspar. “Die Entwicklung des Franziskanerordens zwischen dem ersten und letzten Zeugnis des Jakob von Vitry.” In Vitasfratrum: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Eremiten-und Mendikantenorden des zwölften und dreizehnten Jahrhunderts: Festgabe zum 65. Geburtstag Kaspar Elm, edited by Dieter Berg, 173–193. Werl: Dietrich-Coelde-Verlag, 1994.

Forni, Alberto. “Maestri predicatori, santi moderni e nuova aristocrazia del denaro tra Parigi e Oignies nella prima meta del sec. xiii.” In Culto dei santi, istituzioni e classi sociali in eta preindustriale, edited by Sofia Boesch Gajano and Luigi Sebastiani, 459–470. L’Aquila: Japadre Editore, 1984.

Huygens, R.B.C. “Les passages des lettres de Jacques de Vitry relatifs à Saint François d’Assise et à ses premiers disciples.” In Hommages à Leon Herrmann, 446–453. Brussels: Latomus, 1960.

Le Goff, Jacques. “Social Realities and Ideological Codes in the Early Thirteenth Century: An Exemplum by James of Vitry.” In The Medieval Imagination, 181–190, translated by Arthur Goldhammer from L’imagination médiévale. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Longère, Jean. “Les chanoines réguliers d’après trois prédicateurs du XIIIe siècle: Jacques de Vitry, Guibert de Tournai, Humbert de Romans.” In Le monde des chanoines (XIe–XIVe siècles), edited by Marie Humbert Vicaire, 257–283. Toulouse: Edouard Privat, 1989.

Muessig, Carolyn. The Faces of Women in the Sermons of Jacques de Vitry. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co., 1999.

Oehl, Wilhelm. “Jakob von Vitry.” In Deutsche Mystikerbriefe des Mittelalters 1100–1550, 187–196. München: G. Müller, 1931.

Peters, Marygrace. “Speculum vitae et fideii: The Exemplum as an Historical Source in Medieval Preaching for Understanding its Context and Audience, with Emphasis on Jacques de Vitry’s Sermones vulgares.” Dissertation, Boston University, 1993.

Sandor, Monica. “Jacques de Vitry and the Spirituality of the Mulieres religiosae.” In On Pilgrimage [i.e. Vox Benedictina vol. 11] 173–189. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co. 1994; reprinted from Vox Benedictina 5 (1992) 277–287.

—. “The Popular Preaching of Jacques de Vitry.” Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1993.

Schmidt, Hans J. “Allegorie und Empirie: Interpretations des 13. Jahrhundert.” In Die Deutsche Predigt im Mittelalter: Internationales Symposium am Fachbereich Germanistik der Freien Universität Berlin, vom 3.–6. Oktober 1989, edited by Volker Mertens and Hans-Jochen Schiewer, 301–332. Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, 1992.

Ypma, Eelcko. “La relation est-elle un être réel ou seulement un être de raison? d’après Jacques de Vitry.” In Lectionum varietates: Hommage à Paul Vignaux (1904–1987), edited by J. Jolivet [and others], 155–162. Paris: Vrin, 1991.


Thomas de Cantimpré

Primary Sources

Bonum universale de apibus, edited by Georgius Colverinus. Douai: B. Belleri, 1627.

Bonum universale de apibus II, 49, edited by André Combes. In Essai sur la critique de Ruysbroeck par Gerson, Vol. 1, 673–674. Paris: Vrin, 1945.

Der byen boeck: De Middelnederlandse vertalingen van Bonum universale de apibus van Thomas van Cantimpré en hun achterground, edited by Christina Maria Stutvoet-Joanknecht. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit, 1990.

Thomas de Cantimpré: Les exemples du Livre des abeilles. Présentation, traduction et commentazire par Henri Platelle. Miroir du Moyen Âge. Turnholt: Brepols, 1997.

De natura rerum, edited by H. Boese. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1973.

De natura rerum: lib. IV–XII: Tacuinum sanitatis, edited by Luis García Ballester. Granada, Spain: Universidad de Granada, 1973–1974.

Vita Joannis abbatis Cantimpratensis, edited by J. Quetif and J. Echard. In Scriptores Ordinis Praedicationis, Vol. 1, 250–254. Paris, 1719. [Extracts]

Vita Ioannis Cantimpratensis, edited by Robert Godding. In “Une oeuvre inédite de Thomas de Cantimpré: la Vita Ioannis Cantimpratensis” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 76 (1981) 241–316.

Vita S. Christinae Mirabilis: See main entry: Christina the Astonishing

Vita Lutgardis: See main entry: Lutgard of Aywières

Vita Margarete de Ypres: See main entry: Margaret of Ypres

Vita Mariae Oigniacensis, Supplementum: See main entry: Marie d’Oignies

Secondary Sources

Aiken, Pauline. “The Animal History of Albertus Magnus and Thomas of Cantimpré.” Speculum 22 (1947) 205–225.

Axters, St. G. “Thomas de Cantimpré”. National biographisch woordenboek 2 (Brussels, 1966) 865–968.

Berger, Élie. Thomae Cantipratensis Bonum universale de apibus quid illustrandis saeculi decimi tertii moribus conferat. Lutetiae Parisiorum, Apud Thorin filiumque bibliopolas, 1895.

Deboutte, A. “Thomas van Cantimpré en zijn opleiding te Kamerijk.” Ons geestelijk erf 56 (1982) 283–299.

—. “Thomas van Cantimpré als auditor van Albertus Magnus.” Ons geestelijk erf 58 (1984) 192–209.

Debroux, A. “Thomas de Cantimpré (v. 1200–1270): l’homme et son oeuvre écrite.” Essai de biographie, mémoire de license. Université Catholique de Louvain, 1979.

De Vocht, H. “Thomas de Cantimpré.” Biographie nationale [de Belgique] 25 (1930–1931) 28–34.

Glente, Karen. “Mystikerinnenviten aus männlicher und weiblicher Sicht: Ein Vergleich zwischen Thomas von Cantimpré und Katherina von Unterlinden.” In Religiöse Frauenbewegung und mystische Frömmigkeit im Mittelalter, edited by Peter Dinzelbacher and Dieter R. Bauer, 251–264. Köln: Böhlau, 1988.

Godding, Robert. “Vie apostolique et société urbaine à l’aube du XIIe siècle.” Nouvelle revue théologique 104 (1982) 692–721.

Grzebien, Thomas Walter. “Penance, Purgatory and Miracles: The Life, Hagiography and Spirituality of Thomas of Cantimpré.” Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 1990.

Hermant, Paul. “Le folklore dans l’oeuvre de Th. de Cantimpré.” Folklore brabançon 16/95 (1937) 329–392.

Kaufmann, Alexander. Thomas von Cantimpré. Köln: J.P. Bachem, 1899.

Kirsch, Paul. Des Thomas von Cantimpré Buch der Wunder und denkwurdiger Vorbilder. Gleimitz: Reinhard David, 1975.

Palewska, M. A. “Récheches sur le Bonum universale de apibus de Thomas de Cantimpré, suivies de l’édition des exempla d’après la traduction français faite pour Charles V en 1372.” Positions de thèses: École nationale des chartes (1958) 109–114.

Platelle, H. “Conversions spectaculaires et langage symbolique (Cambrai xiie siècle): De la polyvalence des symboles.” Bulletin philologique et historique, année 1980, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale (1983) 27–38.

—. “L’image des juifs chez Thomas de Cantimpré: de l’attrait à la répulsion.” In Mélanges à la mémoire de Marcel-Henri Prévost, 283–306. Publications de l’université de Lille 2. Paris: P.U.F., 1982.

—. “Le receuil de miracles de Thomas de Cantimpré et la vie religieuse dans les Pays-Bas et le nord de la France au XIIIe siècle.” In Actes du 97e Congrès National des Sociétés Savantes, Nantes, 1972, Section de philologie et histoire jusqu’à 1610, 469–498. Paris, 1979.

—. “Vengeance privée et reconciliation dans l’oeuvre de Thomas de Cantimpré.” Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 42 (1974) 269–281.

Roisin, Simone. “La méthode hagiographique de Thomas de Cantimpré.” In Miscellanea historica in honorem Alberti de Meyer, Vol. 1, 546–557. Louvain: Bibliothèque de l’Université, 1946.

Sweetman, Robert S. “Dominican Preaching in the Southern Low Countries 1240–1260: Materiae praedicabiles in the Liber de natura rerum and Bonum universale de apibus of Thomas of Cantimpré.” Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1988.

—. “Thomas of Cantimpré, Mulieres religiosae and Purgatorial Piety: Hagiographical Vitae and the ‘Beguine Voice’. In A Distinct Voice: Medieval Studies in Honor of Leonard E. Boyle O.P, edited by Jacqueline Brown and William P. Stoneman, 606–628. Notre Dame IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997.

—. “Thomas of Cantimpré: Performative Reading and Pastoral Care.” In Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to late Medieval Spirituality, edited by Mary A. Suydam and Joanna E. Ziegler, 133–167. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

—. “Visions of Purgatory and their Role in the Bonum universale de apibus of Thomas of Cantimpré.” Ons geestelijk erf 67 (1993) 20–33.

Talavera Esteso, Francisco Jose. “Ciencia y predicacion en el siglo XIII: El Liber de natura rerum de Tomas de Cantimpré.” Ciencia Tomista 104/3 (1977) 409–450.

Vollmann, Benedict Konrad. “La vitalità delle enciclopedie di scienza naturale: Isidoro di Seviglia, Tommaso di Cantimpré et le redazione del così detto ‘Tommaso III’.” In L’enciclopedismo medievale, edited by Michelangelo Picone, 135–145. Ravenna: Longo Editore, 1994.

—. “Si verum sit, nescio: Wahrheit, Irrtum und Zweifel in der Natur Kundeenzyklopädie des Thomas von Cantimpré.” In Glauben, Wissen, Handeln: Beiträge aus Theologie, Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft zu Grundfragen christlicher Existenz: Festschrift für Philipp Kaiser, Eichstätt, zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Albert Franz, 291–303. Würzburg: Echter, 1994.

Walstra, G.J.J. “Thomas de Cantimpré, De natura rerum: État de la question.” Vivarium 5 (1967) 146–171.


General Background: A Select Bibliography

Aerts, J. “Begijnen en begarden te Sint‑Truiden rond het midden van de XIIIe eeuw.” Limburg 47 (1968) 241–248.

—. “Schenkingen van Godefridus, Kasteelheer van Brussel en van zijn zoon Godefridus, Heer van Seneffe aan de Abdij van Aywières.” Ons geestelijk erf 42 (1968) 298–303.

Anciaux, Paul. La théologie du sacrement de penitence au XIIe siècle. Louvain: E. Nauwelaerts; Gembloux: J. Duculot, 1949.

** Angenendt, Arnold: Geschichte der Religiosität im Mittelalter. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1997.

Arbesmann, Rudolf. “The Daemonium meridianum and Greek and Latin Patristic Exegesis.” Traditio 14 (1958) 17–31.

Arbman, Ernst. Ecstasy or Religious Trance. Norstedts: Svenska Bokforlaget, 1963–1970.

Art roman dans la vallée de la Meuse aux XIe et XIIe siècles, edited by   Suzanne Collon-Gevaert [and others]. Bruxelles: Éditions l’Arcade, 1959.

Astell, Ann W. The Song of Songs in the Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990.

Atkinson, Clarissa W. “‘Precious Balsam in a Fragile Glass’: The Ideology of Virginity in the Later Middle Ages.” Journal of Family History 8 (1983) 131–143.

Auger, A. Études sur les mystiques des Pays-Bas au Moyen Age. Brussels: Hayez, 1949.

Axters, Stephanus. Bibliotheca Dominicana Neerlandica manuscripta: 1224–1500. Louvain: Bibliothèque de l’Université: Publications universitaires de Louvain, 1970.

—. “Bijdragen tot een biographie van de nederlandsche dominikaansche vroomheid.” Ons geestelijk erf 6 (1932) 5–39.

—. “Dominikaansche zielzorg in de Nederlanden der dertiende eeuw.” Ons geestelijk erf 13 (1939) 149–184.

—. Geschiedenis van de Vroomheid in de Nederlanden. Antwerpen: De Sikkel, 1950–1960.

—. La spiritualité des Pays-Bas: l’évolution d’une doctrine mystique. Louvain: Nauwelaerts, 1948, translated as The Spirituality of the Old Low Countries, by Donald Attwater. London: Blackfriars, 1954.

Bainvel, Jean. Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, translated by E. Leahy. New York: Benziger, 1924.

Balau, Sylv. Les sources de l’histoire de Liège au moyen-âge: Étude critique. Bruxelles: Éditions Culture et Civilisation, 1903.

Baldwin, John W. Masters, Princes and Merchants: The Social Views of Peter the Chanter and his Circle. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970.

Basedow, A. Die Inclusen in Deutschland, Vornehmlich in der Gegend des Niederrheins um die Wende des 12. und 13. Jahrhunderts unter besondere Brucksichtigung des Dialogus Miraculorum des Cäsarius von Heisterbach. Heidelberg: J. Horning, 1890.

Bauer, Gerhard. Claustrum animae: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Metapher vom Herzen als Kloster. Munich: W. Fink, 1973.

Becker, J.A. Contribution to the Comparative Study of the Medieval Visions of Heaven and Hell, with Special Reference to the Middle English Versions. Baltimore: John Murphy, 1899.

Bell, David. “Apatheia: The Convergence of Byzantine and Cistercian Spirituality.” Cîteaux 38 (1987) 141–163.

Bell, Rudolph. Holy Anorexia . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Bennett, Judith M. [et al.], eds. Sisters and Workers in the Middle Ages. 1976; rpt. Chicago: Univeristy of Chicago Press, 1989.

Bennett, R.F. The Early Dominicans: Studies in Thirteenth-Century Dominican History. New York: Russell and Russel, 1937.

Benson, Robert L. and Giles Constable, eds. Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.

Bériac, Françoise. Histoire des lépreux au Moyen Age: une société d’exclus. Paris: Éditions Imago, 1988.

Bériou, Nicole. “La confession dans les écrits théologiques et pastoraux du xiiie siècle: Médication de l’âme ou démarche judiciaire.” In L’Aveu, Antiquité et Moyen Age: Colloque organisé par l’École française de Rome, 265 ff. Rome: L’École française de Rome, 1986.

—. “De la lecture aux éspousailles: Les images dans la communication de la Parle de Dieu au XIIIe siècle.” Christianesimo nella storia 14 (1993) 535–568.

—. “Femmes et prédicateurs: La transmission de la foi aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles.” In La religion de ma mère: Les femmes et la transmission de la foi, edited by Jean Delumeau, 51–70. Paris: Cerf, 1992.

—. Modern Questions about Medieval Sermons: Essays on Marriage, Death, History and Sanctity. Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 1994.

—. “The Right of Women to Give Religious Instruction in the Thirteenth Century.” In Women Preachers and Prophets through Two Millennia of Christianity, edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker, 134–145. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

— and François-Olivier Touati, eds. Voluntate Dei leprosus: les lépreux entre conversion et exclusion aux XIIème siècle. Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 1991.

 Berkhout, Carl and Jeffry Burton Russell. Medieval Heresies: A Bibliography. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1981.

Berlière, Ursmer. La dévotion au Sacre-Coeur dans l’ordre de S. Benoît. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1923.

—. Documents inédits pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique. Maredsous: Abbaye de Saint Benoît, 1894.

Berlioz, Jacques. “La memoire du prédicateur: Recherches sur la memorisation des récits exemplaires (XIIIe–XVe siècle).” In Temps, mémoires, traditions au Moyen Age: Actes du XIIIe Congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement superieur public, Aix-en-Provence, 4–5 juin 1982, 159–183. Aix-en-Provence, Université de Provence, 1983.

Bernards, Matthäus. “Nudus nudem Christum sequi.” Wissenschaft und Weisheit 14 (1951) 148–151.

—. Speculum virginum: Geistigkeit und Seelenleben der Frau im Hochmittelalter. Beihefte zum Archiv für Kulturgeschichte. 2nd ed. Köln, Wien Bohlau, 1982.

—. “Zur Seelsorge in den Frauenklöstern des Hochmittelalters.” Revue bénédictine 76 (1956) 256–268.

Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis. Brussels: Société des Bollandistes, 1898–1899.

Blaise, Albert. Le vocabulaire latin des principaux thèmes liturgiques. Turnhout: Brepols, 1966.

Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate and Timea Szell, eds. Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Boes, G. L’abbaye de Saint Trond dès origines jusqu’au 1155. Tongres: George Michiels, 1970.

Bolton, Brenda. “Daughters of Rome: All One in Christ Jesus!” In Women in the Church: Papers Read at the 1989 Summer Meeting and the 1990 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, edited by W.J. Sheils and Diana Wood, 101–115. Oxford: B. Blackwell, 1990.

—. “Fulk of Toulouse: The Escape that Failed.” In Church, Society and Politics, edited by Derek Baker, 83–93. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1975.

—. The Medieval Reformation. London: Edward Arnold, 1983.

—. “Mulieres Sanctae.” In Women in Medieval Society, edited by Susan Mosher Stuard, 141–158. Oxford: Blackwell, 1973.

—. “Some Thirteenth-Century Women in the Low Countries: A Special Case?” Nederlands archief voor kerkgeschiedenis 61 (1981) 7–29.

—. “Tradition and Temerity: Papal Attitudes to Deviants, 1159–1216.” In Schism, Heresy and Religious Protest, edited by Derek Baker, 79–92. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.

—. “Vitae Matrum: A Further Aspect of the Frauenfrage.” In Medieval Women, edited by Derek Baker, 253–273. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1978.

Bowie, Fiona, ed. Beguine Spirituality: An Anthology. Translations by Oliver Davies. London: SPCK, 1989.

Bradley, Ritamary. “The Speculum Image in Medieval Mystical Writers.” In The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Papers Read at Dartington Hall, July 1984, edited by Marion Glasscoe, 9–27. Cambridge: Brewer, 1984.

** Bredero, Adriaan H.: Christenheid en christendom in de Middeleeuwen. Over de verhouding van godsdienst, kerk en samenleving. Tweede herziene en vermeerderde druk. Kampen-Kapellen: Kok Agora/De Nederlandse Boekhandel/Pelckmans, 1987.

-- De ontkerstening van de Middeleeuwen. Een terugblik op de geschiedenis van twaalf eeuwen christendom. Baarn/Kapellen: Agora/Pelckmans 2000. (Mens en tijd).

Bremond, Claude, Jacques le Goff, and Jean Claude Schmitt. L’Exemplum. Brepols: Turnhout, 1982.

Brook, Christopher. “Heresy and Religious Sentiment: 1000–1250.” Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (1968) 115–131.

Brown. Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

—. The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; London: SCM Press, 1981.

—. “The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity.” Journal of Religious Studies 61 (1971) 80–101.

Bugge, John. Virginitas: An Essay in the History of a Medieval Ideal. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975.

Bynum, Caroline Walker. “Fast, Feast and Flesh: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women.” Representations 11 (1985) 1–25.

—. Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. New York: Zone Books, 1991.

—. Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

—. Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

—. The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200–1336. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

—. “The Spirituality of Regular Canons in the Twelfth Century: A New Approach.” Medievalia et Humanistica 4 (1973) 3–24.

Callebaut, André, “Autour de la rencontre à Florence de S. François et du Cardinal Ugolin (en été 1217).” Archivum franciscanum historicum 19 (1926) 530–558.

Canivez, Joseph Marie. L’ordre de Cîteaux en Belgique. Forges-lèz-Chimay: Abbaye Cistercienne Notre Dame de Scourmont, 1926.

Carpenter, Jennifer Helen. “A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Vitae of the Mulieres religiosae of Liège.” PhD Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1997.

Carruthers, Mary J. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. 1990; rpt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

** Caspers, Charles M.A.: De eucharistische vroomheid en het feest van Sacramentsdag in de Nederlanden tijdens de late Middeleeuwen. [...] Leuven: Peeters, 1992. (Miscellanea Neerlandica 5).

Cawley, Martinus. “Our Lady and the Nuns and Monks of Thirteenth-Century Belgium.” Word and Spirit 10 (1988) 94–128.

—. “The Trinity in the Mulieres religiosae of Thirteenth-Century Belgium.” Monastic Studies 17 (1986) 167–190.

Charles, J. L. La ville de Saint-Trond au Moyen Age dès origines à la fin du XIVe siècle. Paris: “Les Belles Lettres”, 1965.

Chase, Steven. Angelic Wisdom: The Cherubim and the Grace of Contemplation in Richard of St. Victor. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995.

Châtillon, Jean. “Nudum Christum nudus sequere: note sur les origines et la signification du thème de las nudité spirituelles dans les écrits de Saint Bonaventure.” In San Bonaventura, 1274–1974, vol. 4, 719–772. Grottaferrata/Rome: Collegio S. Bonaventura, 1974. 5 vols.

Chenu, M.D. Nature, Man and Society in the Twelfth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

—. “Spiritus: le vocabulaire de l’âme au xiie siècle.” Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques 41 (1957) 209–232.

Christiani, Marta. “La sainteté féminine du haut Moyen Age: biographie et valeurs.” In Les fonctions des saints dans le monde occidental (IIIe–XIIIe siècle): Actes du colloque organisé par l’École française de Rome avec le concours de l’Université de Rome ‘La Sapienza,’ Rome 27–29 octobre, 1988, 385–434. Rome: École française de Rome, 1991.

Clément, Olivier. The Roots of Christian Mysticism. London: New City, 1994.

—. Les visionnaires: essai sur le dépassement du nihilisme. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1986.

Coakely, John. “Friars as Confidants of Holy Women in Medieval Dominican Hagiography.” In Images of Sainthood in Medieval Europe, edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinksi and Timea Szell, 222–246. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

—. “Gender and the Authority of Friars: The Significance of Holy Women for Thirteenth-Century Franciscans and Dominicans.” Church History 60 (1991) 445–460.

—. “The Representation of Sanctity in Late Medieval Hagiography: Evidence from Lives of Saints of the Dominican Order.” PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1988.

Coens, Maurice, “Les saints particuliérement honorés à l’abbaye de Saint‑Trond.” Analecta bollandiana 72 (1954) 85–133; 73 (1955) 140–192.

Colledge, Eric, ed. Medieval Netherlands Religious Literature. New York: Longdon House and Maxwell, 1965.

The Concept of Heresy in the Middle Ages (11th–13th Centuries), edited by W. Lourdaux and D. Verhelst. The Hague: Leuven University Press, 1976.

Cottiaux, Jean. L’office liégeois de la Fête-Dieu: sa valeur et son destin. Louvain: Bureaux de la Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 1963.

Cottineau, L.H. Répertoire topo‑bibliographique des abbayes et prieurés. Macon: Protat Frères, 1935.

Cousins, Ewert. “The Humanity and the Passion of Christ.” In Christian Spirituality: High Middle Ages and Reformation, edited by Jill Raitt, 375–391. New York: Crossroad, 1987.

d’Avray, David. The Preaching of the Friars: Sermons Diffused from Paris before 1300. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985.

De Ganck, Roger. “The Cistercian Nuns of Belgium in the Thirteenth Century.” Cistercian Studies 5 (1970) 169–187.

—. “The Integration of Nuns in the Cistercian Order Particularly in Belgium.” Cîteaux (1984) 235–247.

Degler-Spengler, Brigitte. “Die religiöse Frauenbewegung des Mittelalters: Konversen – Nonnen – Beginen.” Rottenburger Jahrbuch für Kirchengeschichte 3 (1984).

De Guibert, J. “La componction du coeur.” Revue d’ascétique et de mystique 59 (1934) 225–240.

Delumeau, Jean. L’Aveu et le pardon: les difficultés de la confession, XIIIe–XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Fayard, 1990.

De Moreau, E. Histoire de l’église en Belgique. Bruxelles: L’Édition Universelle, 1945–1949.

Dereine, C. “Les prédicateurs ‘apostoliques’ dans les diocéses de Thérouanne, Tournai, Cambrai-Arras durants les années 1075–1125.” Analecta praemonstratensia 69 (1983) 171–189.

—. “Vie commune, règle de Saint Augustin et chanoines réguliers au xie siècle.” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 41 (1946) 365–318.

—. “Vita apostolica dans l’ordre canonial du ixe au xie siècle” Revue Mabillon 51 (1961) 47–53.

—. Les chanoines réguliers au diocèse de Liège avant St. Norbert. Louvain: Bibliothèque de l’Université, 1952.

de Troeyer, Benjamin, “Béguines et tertiares en Belgique et aux Pays-Bas aux XIIe–XIVe siècles.” In I frati penitenti di San Francesco nella società del due e trecento: Atti del 2 Convegno di studi francescani, 1976, edited by Mariano d’Alatri, 133–138. Roma: Istituto storico dei Cappuccini, 1977.

de Vogüé, Adalbert. The Rule of Saint Benedict: A Doctrinal and Spiritual Commentary. Cistercian Studies series. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1983.

** Dijkstra, Jitse & Mathilde van Dijk (Eds.): The Encroaching Desert. Egyptian Hagiography and the Medieval West . Leiden, 2006 [= Special Issue: Church History and Religious Culture 86 (2006)].

Dinzelbacher, Peter. Angst in Mittelalter: Teufels-, Todes- und Gotteserfahrung: Mentalitätsgeschichte und Ikonographie. Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1996.

—. “The Beginnings of Mysticism Experienced in Twelfth-Century England.” In The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium IV: Papers Read at Dartington Hall, July 1987, edited by Marion Glasscoe, 111–131. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1987.

—. Christliche Mystik im Abendland: ihre Geschichte von den Anfängen bis zum Ende des Mittelalters. Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1994.

—, ed. Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte: Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen. Stuttgart: A. Kröner, 1993.

—. Heilige oder Hexen? Schicksale auffälliger Frauen im Mittelalter und Frühneuzeit. Zürich: Artemis & Winkler, 1995.

—. Die Jenseitbrücke im Mittelalter. Wien: Verb. d. Wissenschaftl. Gesellschaften österreichs, 1973.

—. Mittelalterliche Frauenmystik. Paderborn: F. Schöningh, 1993.

—, ed. Mittelalterliche Visionsliteratur: eine Anthologie. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1989.

—. Revelationes. Turnhout: Brepols, 1991.

—. Vision und Visionsliteratur im Mittelalter. Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1981.

—, ed. Wörterbuch der Mystik. Stuttgart: A. Kröner, 1989.

— and Dieter R. Bauer, eds. Frauenmystik im Mittelalter: Wissenschaftliche Studientagung der Akademie der Diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart, Februar 1984, in Wiengarten, 22–25. Ostfildern bei Stuttgart: Schwabenverlag, 1985.

— and Dieter R. Bauer, eds. Religiöse Frauenbewegung und mystische Frömmigkeit im Mittelalter. Köln: Böhlau, 1988.

Dizionario francescano: I mistici; Scritti dei mistici francescani secolo XIII. Assisi: Editrice Francescane, 1995.

Dondaine, H.F. “L’objet et le ‘medium’ de la vision beatifique chez les théologiens du XIIIe siècle.” Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 19 (1952) 60–129.

Dor, Juliette, Lesley Johnson and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, eds. New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and their Impact. Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999.

Dumoutet, Edouard. Corpus Domini: aux sources de la piété eucharistique médiévale. Paris: Beauchesne, 1942.

—. Le Christ selon la chair et la vie liturgique au Moyen Age. Paris: Beauchesne, 1932.

—. Le désir de voir l’Hostie et les origines de la dévotion au Saint-Sacrement. Paris: Beauchesne, 1962.

Eckenstein, Lina. Woman Under Monasticism: Chapters on Saint-lore and Convent Life between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896.

Elliott, Dyan. Spiritual Marriage: Sexual Abstinence in Medieval Wedlock. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Epiney-Burgard, Georgette. “Les béguines et l’ordre cistercien aux Pays-Bas du sud (XIIIe siècle).” In Les mouvances laïques des ordres religieux: Actes du troisième colloque international du C.E.R.C.O.R., en collaborations avec le Centre internationale d’Études Romanes, Tournus, 17–20 juin 1992, edited by Nicole Bouter, 261–277. Saint-Etienne: Université Jean Monnet, 1996.

Erler, Mary and Maryanne Kowaleski, eds. Women & Power in the Middle Ages. Athens GA: University of George Press, 1988.

Faire croire: modalité de la diffusion et de la réception des messages religieux du XIIe au XVe siécle: table ronde, Rome, 22–23 Juin 1979. Rome: École française de Rome, 1981.

Farmer, Sharon. “Personal Perceptions, Collective Behavior: Twelfth-Century Suffrages for the Dead.” In Persons in Groups: Social Behavior as Identity Formation in Medieval and Renaissance Europe, ed. Richard C. Trexler, 231–239. Binghamton: Medieval & Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1985.

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Freed, John B. The Friars and German Society in the Thirteenth Century. Cambridge: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1977.

—. “Urban Development and the Cura monialium in Thirteenth-Century Germany.” Viator 3 (1972) 311–327.

Gaier, Claude. Art et organisation militaires dans la principauté de Liège et dans le comté de Looz au Moyen Age. Bruxelles: Palais des Académies, 1968.

Glorieux, Palémon. La faculté des arts et ses maîtres au XIIIe siècle. Paris: J. Vrin, 1971.

—. Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle. Paris: J. Vrin, 1933–1934.

Godding, Robert. “Vie apostolique et société urbaine à l’aube du XIIe siècle.” Nouvelle revue théologique 104 (1982) 692–721.

Goodich, Michael. “Ancilla Dei: the Servant as Saint in the Late Middle Ages.” In Women of the Medieval World, ed. Julius Kirshner and Suzanne F. Wemple, 119–136. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985.

—. “Childhood and Adolescence Among the Thirteenth-Century Saints.” History of Childhood Quarterly 1 (1973) 285–309.

—. “A Profile of Thirteenth-Century Sainthood.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 18 (1976) 429–437.

—. Violence and Miracle in the Fourteenth-Century: Private Grief and Public Salvation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

—. Vita Perfecta: The Ideal of Sainthood in the Thirteenth Century. Stuttgard: Anton Hiersemann, 1982.

Grauwels, J. “L’abbaye de Mielen à Saint-Trond.” In Monasticon Belge 6: Province de Limbourg (1976) 89–101.

Greenspan, Kate. “Autohagiography and Medieval Women’s Spiritual Autobiography.” In Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages, ed. Jane Chance, 217–236. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996.

Grégoire, Réginald. “A saeculi actibus se facere alienum: le ‘mépris du monde’ dans la littérature monastique latine médiévale.” Revue d’ascétique et mystique 41 (1965) 231–240.

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