Whitby
Community ID
 
869
 
Alternate Names
 
Streoneshalh, Streanshall
 
Region
 
Deira (Yorkshire, Durham)
 
Modern Location
 
Whitby
 
Corporate Status
 
Abbey
 
Dedication
 
John the Baptist
 
Date Founded
 
750 (circa) or 657 according to Dugdale's Monasticon Volume 1, 405.
 
Date Terminated
 
867 or 1401 ?
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Rule
 
Benedictine
 
Foundation Information
 

Whitby, with Hilda as abbess, was founded as a double house. It may have become a hosital in 1320 (needs verification).

 
Notable Heads
 

The most famous abbess was Hild of Whitby (d. 680), who came from the ruling house of Northumbria. Her successor as abbess was Aelfflaed (Elfleda). See Hild: Abbess of Streonaeshalch.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

The early abbesses were connected with the ruling house of Northumbria.

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

The later medieval foundation at Whitby Abbey is in ruins and is now an English Heritage site for more info see ">http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.17364"> [Whitby-English Heritage]

 
Manuscript Sources
 

Historia Fundationis coenobii
Houghton MS Lat 394 (Psalter with canticles)

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

Dugdale cites Whitby as the location for the resolution of the Easter controversy. He implies that Abbess Hilda presided over the synod (Dugdale's Monasticon Volume 1, 220).
The Danes plundered the monastery in 867 and Titus, then abbot, fled to Glastonbury with Hilda's relics. The monastery was refounded as a priory of monks in 1074 (Dugdale's Monasticon Volume 1, 405-406).

 
Contributors
 
June Mecham
 
Date Started
 
750
 
Length
 
517