Tynemouth
Community ID
 
915
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Leonard, Dunemuth, Donnemade, Tinmouth, Thynmouth , at termination date
 
Town
 
Durham
 
Diocese
 
Durham
 
Region
 
Northumberland
 
Medieval Location
 
Leonard
 
Modern Location
 
Tynemouth
 
Corporate Status
 
Hospital
 
Date Founded
 
635-650
 
Date Terminated
 
865-875; refounded c. 1090 as a male Benedictine community, which was terminated in 1536.
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine/Augustinian?
 
Rule
 
Benedictine
 
Foundation Information
 

The comunity was reputedly founded by King Oswald of Northumbria as the burial site of the king and martyr, Oswin (Venarde). According to Bede, a community of men had been on the site before the religious women (Veiled Women, vol. 1, 52). It was terminated circa 865-875 when the nuns were slaughtered in the 9th century (Veiled Women, vol. 1, 72)and refounded circa 1090 as a priory of monks dependant upon S. Albans. It was a double house in its early medieval incarnation, housing both monks and nuns. The community was [re?-]founded as a hospital, perhaps a dependency of the Benedictine male monastery of Tynemouth, Northumberland then Newcastle,Newcastle before 1293.
Dugdale, in contrast to the above, places the foundation as occurring between 617 and 633. He presents the opinion that the house was either founded for nuns or founded as a double monastery. In 634, Oswald built a stone building and thus, according to Dugdale, some see him as the founder. He does not mention whether or not the nuns continue in residence through the several attacks on the community by the Danes, the last of which occurred in 940. He mentions no women at the community when it is refounded in the eleventh century and given to the monks of Jarrow (Dugdale's Monasticon Volume 3, 301ff).

 
First Members
 

It was a double house in its early medieval incarnation, housing both monks and nuns.

 
Dependency Of
 

After refoundation as a male priory circa 1090, it was dependent upon S. Albans.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

It was traditionally held to have been founded by King Oswald of Northumbria.

 
Income
 

In 1536 the suppression commission listed Tynemouth among the monasteries suppressed which had incomes under 200 pounds (Medieval Religious Houses in England and Wales, 233).

 
Charitable/Work
 

It was a hospital initially[?].

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

Nothing remains of either of the medieval foundations.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

The first order & rule was perhaps based on the community's dependency upon a male Benedictine community.

 
Admin. Notes
 

/ PRQ , sup docs equal to prof nuns = Supplementary documents equal to profession of nuns?Is this information correctly incorporated? I am not sure whether there were 2 separate communities of Tynemouth or whether the different info. refers to the same community.? NEEDS VERIFICATION

 
Contributors
 
Bruce L. Venarde; Marilyn Dunn
 
Contributors Notes
 

Supplementary documents equal to profession of nuns?

 
Date Started
 
635
 
Date Finished
 
865
 
Length
 
1434