S. John the Baptist
Community ID
 
1041
 
Town
 
Oxford
 
Diocese
 
Lincoln
 
Region
 
Oxford
 
Medieval Location
 
The Hospital was situated on or near of what is Magdalen College, previously a garden owned by Jews. It was out side the East Gate of the town. The site was donated by King Henry III in 1231.
 
Modern Location
 
Oxford
 
Corporate Status
 
Hospital
 
Dedication
 
John the Baptist
 
Date Founded
 
1335 or earlier
 
Date Terminated
 
1457
 
Religious Order
 
Augustinian
 
Rule
 
Augustinian
 
Foundation Information
 

Although the founder is thought to be King John III sometime before 1180, this fact needs further research. The founder is also sometimes recorded as King Henry III when he donates a site to the community in 1231. Nuns appear in 1335.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Sisters are mentioned in 1246. Alice, was appointed by the King to be a border in the community sometime before 1341.

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

1246 from Innocent IV

 
Visitations
 

The pope ordained the master elected by brothers in 1246, but this was usually an appointment by the crown. The king appointed a visitor.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

King Henry III, who donated land in 1219.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

In 1245 the community was extended many rexemptions from tolls, courts, and taxes.

 
Assets/Property
 

The hospital's main assets were its extensive land holdings in Oxford. In the 14th century poverty allowed the hopital to be exempt from the payment of subsidies.

 
Charitable/Work
 

It emerged originally as a hospice, then became a hospital mainly for sick & poor.

 
Litigations
 

In 1245 the community was extended many rexemptions from tolls, courts, and taxes.

 
Early Documents
 

The first known document is in the cartulary at Godstow. (1180) / cartulary Templar , Sanford (1190)

 
Art & Artifacts
 

In 1335 the seal reads : S. Fratrum ospitalis S. Iohn the Baptist. Two seals exist, both printed ovals; one from the twelfth century has a cross and the other from sometime after 1380 has a dove.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

Sisters and their order documented by Knowles. The community was terminated to found the college.

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project
 
Contributors Notes
 

quarreling among brothers & sisters (no date?) ,

 
Date Started
 
1335
 
Date Finished
 
1457
 
Length
 
1211