S. Chiara
Community ID
 
592
 
Town
 
Urbino
 
Diocese
 
Urbino
 
Region
 
Marche
 
Corporate Status
 
Abbey
 
Dedication
 
Santa Chiara
 
Date Founded
 
1483 (circa)
 
Date Terminated
 
1810 (14 July), by Napoleon. Restored after 4 years, but supressed again in 1860 when the Piedmontese occupied Umbria and Marche
 
Foundation Information
 

Finished in 1484 and dedicated to S. Chiara.

 
First Members
 

Eliazbeth, daughter of Federico, the Duke of Urbino and widow of Roberto Malatesta (see "Patrons/Benefactors," below).

 
Notable Heads
 

First abbess was Cecilia Coppoli.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Elizabeth Malatesta from Pesaro; S. Battista (Camilla) Varani [daughter of Duke Julius Ceasar Varani]; Constanzia and Francesca Varani; Emerenziana Colonna Romana; Chiara Cappelli Veneziana; Bernardine Baglioni Perugina

 
Population Counts
 

1484: 8 sisters

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

Letter from Innocent VIII, dated June 3, 1487, written to Elizabeth, a professed nun, in which the pope explains why she had to be content with the supervisor of the monastery, Pietro Gentile Hercule Vanano.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Elizabeth, daughter of the Duke of Urbino and widow of Roberto Malatesta, used her dowry to build S. Chiara and retired there, remaining until her death.

 
Social Characteristics
 

Sisters came from the best families.

 
Literary Works
 

"Orationes et Epistola" written by Constanzia Verano, daughter of Pierre Gentile Varano.

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

Architecture is attributed to Francesco di Giorgio Martini (although some attribute it to Bramente or to Girolamo Genga). Important people buried in the cemetery: Duke Francesco Maria I and his wife Elanor Gonzaga, and Battista Sforza, wife of Frederico.

 
Manuscript Sources
 

454, misc. vol. II, 127-128; 138-199.

 
Published Primary Sources
 

Life of S. Battista written by Bernardino Lily, __diary,__ 1522-27. p. 28.

 
Contributors
 
Suzanne Wemple-Kinder; Marie Kelleher
 
Date Started
 
1483
 
Date Finished
 
1810
 
Length
 
1055