S. Caecilia
Community ID
 
1355
 
Alternate Names
 
monasterium sanctae Mariae; monasterium vetus
 
Town
 
Cologne
 
Diocese
 
Cologne
 
Date Founded
 
700-799 (8th century)
 
Foundation Information
 

According to medieval legend, this community was founded by Saint Maternus. Some works describe the community as being founded by Hildebold, although this is unconfirmed. Others ascribe the foundation to Willibert. A document dated to 27 September 873 mentioned the community, and the church may have been rebuilt or enlarged at this time. In 941 the community was renewed by archbishop Wichfrid. The original church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

 
Notable Heads
 

The first documented abbess is mentioned in 965; she was the sister of Archbishop Bruno I, Beretsuinta, a daughter of King Henry I and Mathilde. Abbess Ida, a relative of Archbishop Anno II, appeared in the records from 1047 until 1074. Ida apparently was well educated, for she requested from the canon Anselm the continuation of the gesta episcoporum tungrensium up to the period of Bishop Wazo (d. 1048).

 
Dependent Communities
 

In Brenig the chapter founded a small convent for 3 sisters, which existed until the eighteenth century.

 
Other Ecclesiastical Relations
 

The archbishop of Cologne celebrated the second Christmas mass in the church of S. Caecilia, after first celebrating mass in S. Maria im Kapitol.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Archbishop Wichfried conveyed property to the community in the areas of Bocklemund, Brenig, Frechen, Hunningen, Kendenich, Rondorf and a vineyard in Rhense. Archbishop Bruno I was also an important patron of the community. On 25 December 962 he conveyed proptery in Gilgau to the community.

 
Assets/Property
 

The convent held approximately 300 meters of fields in the parish of Rommerskirchen. The community held possessions in Stommeln (a farm and church with tithes) as well as farms in Genen, Ollesheim, Junkersdorf, Langel, Sintheren, Palmersdorf, Heddersdorf, and Rhense.

 
Art & Artifacts
 

Restoration work recovered a fourteenth-century fresco depicting seven musical angels in the nave celestory of the church.

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

The Romanesque church, a single nave structure built in the 12th century, is still extant. S. CeciliaS. Cecilia It replaced an even earlier structure. The tympanum of the church depicts Saint Cecilia surrounded by her companions, with an angel descending down to her from above. S. Cecilia Tympanum

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

The Romanesque church of the community still stands. S. Cecilia

 
Relics
 

The relics of S. Caecilia were conveyed to the community in the 9th century from Rome.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

In 881 the church and community suffered at the hands of the Normans, as did all of Cologne, but survived. On September 9, 941 Archbishop Wichfried made a donation to the community, which referred to the need to rebuild the community due to fire. In the tenth century, Archbishop Bruno I confirmed the chapter's ability to freely elect its abbesses. The women of this community appear to have been highly educated.

 
Manuscripts Produced
 

The parish archive of S. Peter preserves a missal written and illuminated by a nun of S. Caecilia, named Anna. The missal dates from the fifteenth century.

 
Admin. Notes
 

More research necessary

 
Contributors
 
June Mecham
 
Date Started
 
700
 
Length
 
397