Wienhausen, Wienhausen Responsorial
ID
 
390
 
Original Country
 
Germany
 
Region
 
Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)
 
Creator
 
nuns of Wienhausen
 
Sorting Title
 
Wienhausen, Wienhausen Responsorial
 
Subject
 

This page (6 recto) from a 15th century Responsorial from the convent of Wienhausen depicts scenes from the Easter story. From the bottom to top of the page are depicted: the three Mary's before Christ's tomb, Christ with the Virgin Mary, and the Arisen Christ emerging from his tomb.

 
Creation Date
 
post 1476
 
Century
 
15th
 
Style Genre
 
late Gothic
 
Work Type
 
dissertation/thesis
 
Format Medium
 

pigment and gold on vellum; illumination

 
Original Location
 

Wienhausen

 
Historical Context
 

This responsorial was created after the convent's internal reform in 1469. According to Uhde-Stahl, the late date of the manuscript (after 1476) but the iconographically earlier images indicates that the manuscript may have been produced by older nuns who adhered to older artistic styles (Uhde-Stahl, 50). See Figürliche Buchmalereien in den spätmittelalterlichen Handschriften der Lüneburger Frauenklöster.

 
Descriptive Notes
 

Three scenes related to the Easter story are depicted on this page. At the bottom appear the three Mary's and angels before Christ's tomb. The words they speak are taken from the liturgical enactment of the Visitation of the tomb (Visitatio sepulchri). The angels query: "Whom do you seek women?" (Quem quaeritis mulieres) and the women respond: "We seek the crucified Jesus Christ" (Ihesum Nazarum crucifixum quaerimus). The scene in the middle of the page depicts Christ with the Virgin Mary. Christ greets her with the words: "Greetings my most beloved (sweetest) mother" (Salve dulcissima mater mea). She responds: "Behold. Your face shall reveal the second light." (Redde tuam faciem videat ut secunda lumen). The image at the top of the page depicts the Arisen Christ emerging from his tomb. The iconography of this image, created by the nuns of this community, recalls the iconography based on the convent's statue of the Arisen Christ, which appears in numerous media throughout the ages within the convent. (See Related Works). He emerges from the tomb with one leg in the foreground. Three sleeping guards are depicted in front of the tomb. Christ holds a banner; on his left appears a single angel. The text band states: "To me is given all power in you" (Data est mihi omnis potestas in te).

 
Current Repository
 

Klosterarchiv,Wienhausen

 
Repository Number
 
Handschrift 29
 
Photo Credit
 
Kloster Wienhausen
 
Statement
 

Abbess Renate von Randow; Wolfgang Brandis

 
Image of Wienhausen, Wienhausen Responsorial.