Rothschild Canticles (f. 31r): Anthony buries Paul, the first hermit
Original Country
Sorting Title
Rothschild Canticles (f. 31r): Anthony buries Paul, the first hermit

Description: A bearded and hooded hermit lowers the body of another hermit into a grave with the help of a lion standing on his hind legs. Another lion stands between them looking up at the body.

Interpretation: Anthony buries the body of his beloved master with the aid of two lions.

Creation Date
ca. 1300
Style Genre
Work Type
ca. 118 x 84 mm
Format Medium


Original Location

Flanders or Upper Rhineland

Related Work

Illustrations of the Vitae Patrum, lives of the desert fathers, or ascetic lives of hermit saints. The illustrations are unaccompanied by text, but serve as reminders to readers of the arduous nature of the contemplative ascent. There are 23 drawings scattered on the reverse folios left blank during the construction of the manuscript.
Rothschild Canticles (f.1v): Macarius and the angel on earthRothschild Canticles( f.2r): The hermit, a young man, and a donkeyRothschild Canticles (f. 2v): John Colobos watering the dry stockRothschild Canticles (f. 3r): A hermit sustained by an angelRothschild Canticles (f. 3v): Silvanus watering the gardenRothschild Canticles (f. 4r): Paul, the first hermit, John, and the lionRothschild Canticles (f. 8r): Hermit playing the foolRothschild Canticles (f. 9r): The seven crowns of obedienceRothschild Canticles (f. 10r): The hermit as the suffering assRothschild Canticles (f. 11r): The hermit who counted his footstepsRothschild Canticles (f. 27r): "Good works are like leaves" (?)Rothschild Canticles (f. 28r): Hermit in tree hermitage attacked by a bird (?)Rothschild Canticles (f. 32r): A Hermit burns his fingers to avoid temptationRothschild Canticles (f. 52r): Simeon Stylites and the king of the SaracensRothschild Canticles (f. 53r): Hermits ringing the monastery bellRothschild Canticles (f. 122r): Hermit building on the foundation of meditation, work, and prayerRothschild Canticles (f. 123r): Macarius and the thiefRothschild Canticles (f. 150r): Hermit with the couple who sinned in his cell (?)


Collection of William Alexander Douglas, Duke of Hamilton and Brandon.
Reverend Walter Sneyd, gift from Douglas in 1856.
Sotheby, sold 16 December 1903, no.513 Bernard Quaritch, London.
Collection of Edmond de Rothschild, MS 98, sold 24 June 1968 no.1 in Paris, Palais GalliƩra.
Acquired from H.P. Kraus in 1968 as the gift of Edwin J. Beinecke.

Current Repository

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University

Repository Number
MS 404
Image of Rothschild Canticles (f. 31r): Anthony buries Paul, the first hermit.