Wroxall
Community ID
 
810
 
Alternate Names
 
Wroxhall
 
Town
 
Coventry
 
Diocese
 
Worcester
 
Region
 
Warwickshire
 
Medieval Location
 
South-west Coventry, across the river.
 
Modern Location
 
Wroxall
 
Corporate Status
 
Priory
 
Dedication
 
Leonard
 
Date Founded
 
1135 or earlier, possibly as early as 1123
 
Date Terminated
 
1536
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Rule
 
Benedictine
 
Foundation Information
 

Traditionally thought to have been founded by Hugh the son of Richard, and Margaret, his wife. Hugh was a vassal of the Earl of Warwickshire and was miraculously freed from prison in the Holy Land by S. Leonard. According to later accounts he founded the priory in thanksgiving.

 
First Members
 

Hugh's wife, Margaret and his 2 daughters subsequently became nuns at Wroxall (Thompson, 176).

 
Notable Heads
 

Kynewarton, 2 Abotts, Abetot, NULL, NULL, d' Broy, Fokerham, Russell, 3 Aylesburys, Alesbury Walshe, Atley, Brome

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Edith, nun from the community of Wilton Hogshaw, Cleopatra & Edith, daughters of the founder, Maude le Prude becomes nun with 11 others in 1309, Margaret Acton.

 
Population Counts
 

There were 6 in about 1312 and 5 in 1536. In 1381 there were 9 nuns.

 
Visitations
 

Visitations took place in 1269, 1284, 1290, and 1300 with good results. In 1323 the community was found to be in discord, and in 1338 and 1407 it was thought to be lax. A Dominican confessor was assigned in 1479.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Earl of Warwickshire, J. d'Clinton of Maxstoke, Roger, Earl of Warwickshire, Ralph son of Wigan, Richard Foliot, Robert Earl of Leicester, King Henry II. Alms from King Henry III.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

John de Bolingbrok, usurper land holding, 1325.

 
Assets/Property
 

Assets included lands, a chapter house, jurisdiction rights in the manors of Wroxall and Hatton. The community's assets amounted to more than 106 pounds in 1536 including bells, a building, stocks. There was no debt.

 
Income
 

Income came from rents, alms, and a benefactor Henry II. In 1535 the community had as much as 78 pounds in assets. According to Knowles and Hadcock, the net income of the community in 1535 was over 72 pounds (221).

 
Litigations
 

John de Bolingbrok, usurper land holding, 1325.

 
Art & Artifacts
 

A seal remains from the 12th century with a representation of the community church with central towers and S. Leonard with a staff under an arch.

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

Church was dedicated to the Bishop of Worcester from 1315.

 
Manuscript Sources
 

[1]Public Records Office E210/7431.
[2]Public Records Office E210/2060. (original charters)

 
Published Primary Sources
 

[1]Joannis Lelandi antiquarii de rebus Britannicis Collectana, ed. T. Hearne, 6 vols. (London: 2nd ed., 1770), iv, 73.
Records of Wroxall Abbey and Manor

 
Secondary Sources
 

[1]S. Thompson, Women Religious (Oxford: Clarendon, 1991).
[2]D. Knowles and R. Neville Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses, England and Wales (London: Longmans, Green & Co, 1953), 221.
Dugdale's Monasticon Volume 4
Benedictine Nunnery of Wroxhall, in Warwickshire
The Victoria History of the County of Warwick2:70-73 available online at ">http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36493"> [Victoria County History]

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

Foundation date near the end of the rule of Henry I according to Elkins.

 
Conversi/ae and servants
 

There were 11 dependents at termination: a priest, 3 dairy women, and 7 others.

 
Admin. Notes
 

MAD 6/10/97
[V0939]

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project
 
Date Started
 
1135
 
Date Finished
 
1536
 
Length
 
1726