Community ID
Medieval Location
Würzburg; on the banks of the Main river.
Modern Location
Würzburg ; in the governmental district of Unterfranken.
Corporate Status
S. Maria (Mary); S. Caecilia
Date Founded
1200 (circa); 1130 according to Link
Date Terminated
Religious Order
Foundation Information

The community was founded by Hermann of Lobdeburg, bishop of Würzburg. The convent stemmed from the Premonstratensian foundation of Zell, as the nuns were divided from the monks and settled in Oberzell and Unterzell respectively. The joint Premonstratensian foundation was located on the banks of the Main River. The women dwelled on the eastern side and the monks on the western side; they shared the church (Link, 621). The convent was separated according to sex circa 1141; however, a hundred years passed before the communities were completely separated. Finally the women were settled in Unterzell, and circa 1250 Bishop Hermann von Lobdeburg made Unterzell independent.

Notable Heads

Known heads of the community were: 1277 Mechthilde, followed by Irmentraud, Lutgardis, Felicitas Schrimpfin, Elisabeth Nethardin, Elisabeth II. Pfocherin, 1402 Agnes, countess of Werth, Magdalena, a noblewoman from Pfersdorf, 1456 Anna, countess of Wertheim, 1477 Agnes II of Wertheim, 1480 Agnes III of Vertheim (resigned 1487), Magdalena II of Zobel, 1488 Katharina, noblewoman of Fisterlohe (resigned freely in 1526), Katharina II, noblewoman from Rieden, 1526 Anna II Haberlorn, 1529 Magdalena III of Fronhofen (Link, 625).


A visitation of the convent occurred in 1556, the result of which was the removal of the provost. It appears at this time that nuns had ceased to dwell in the community (Link, 622).

Architecture & Archaeology

The church was converted for secular use and the high altar and two side alters were transferred to Oberdürbach. In 1945 the entire site burned down.

State Of Medieval Structure

The church exists in ruins. The cloister buildings were rebuilt into homes.

Secondary Sources
Miscellaneous Information

The convent experienced difficulties in the sixteenth century. The female community was dissovled in 1562/1573-1606 by Bishop Julius Echter. The church was converted for secular use. The female community was later reestablished circa 1640 and finally dissolved in 1803.

Admin. Notes

more research necessary [1]BACKMUND. Chorherren, 202.

June Mecham
Date Started
Date Finished