Trebnitz
Community ID
 
2759
 
Alternate Names
 
Trzebnica
 
Town
 
Breslau
 
Date Founded
 
1203
 
Date Terminated
 
1810
 
Religious Order
 
Cistercian
 
Foundation Information
 

Founded by St. Hedwig and Duke Henry the Bearded of Silesia after Duke Henry's near-fatal hunting accident and vow to found convent.

 
First Members
 

Petrussa, daughter of Hedwig, 1st abbess; Gertrude, daughter of St. Hedwig, 2nd abbess

 
Notable Heads
 

First abbesses were daughters of St. Hedwig. Last abbess, Dominica von Giller, d. 1810.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

St. Hedwig, retired to convent 1238 after death of her husband.

 
Population Counts
 

End of 13th century, 120 nuns; 1672, 32 nuns,6 lay sisters; 1805, 23 nuns, 6 lay sisters.

 
Other Ecclesiastical Relations
 

Bishopric of Bamberg (Bishop Ekbert, brother of St. hedwig, chose first nuns of convent.)

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

St. Hedwig, Duchess of Silesia; Duke Henry the Bearded of Silesia

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

Duchy of Silesia

 
Social Characteristics
 

Up to 1515, abbesses were princesses of Piast House or nobility.

 
Relative Wealth
 

Originally well endowed, abbey suffered during Thirty Years War when nuns fled to Poland; fled again in 1663 because of Turkish invasion.

 
Art & Artifacts
 

Hedwig Codex (14th century), Ludwig ms L.XI.7, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

Late romanesque basilica (1203-1219)with baroque additions. Original church had three naves, large transept, three apses and one eastern crypt (Rozpedowski, Die Architecktur der Zisterzienserinnenkirche in Trebnitz.) Tympanum (1219-1240) in style of Bamberg cathedral (Swiechowski, Die Skulpturen der Klosterkirche in Trebnitz; Lorke, Die romanische Plastike der Klosterkirches in Trebnitz.)

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

Used as mother-house and hospital of Trebnitz Sisters of St. Charles Borromeo

 
Relics
 

Tombs of Hedwig and Duke Henry near main altar of basilica (Kaczmarek, Das Grabmal der Hl. Hedwig in Trzebnica).

 
Secondary Sources
 

Walter, Di Grabbstatte des Deutschordenshochmeisters; Walter, Zur Baugeschichte der gotischen Grabkapelle der Hl. Hedwig in Trebnitz; Dunin-Wasowicz, Sainte Hedwige et l'hagiographie medieval polonaise; Moller, Restaurierung der Skulptur des hl. Petrus.
Geschichte und Beschreibung des fürstlichen jungfraulichen Klosterstiftes Cistercienser-Ordens in Trebnitz, aus dem Stifts-Urkunden und anderen bewähhten Schriften zusammengetragen
St. Hedwig Herzogin von Schlesien (ob. 1243): treue Patronin des Cistercienserordens.

 
Manuscripts Produced
 

Hedwig Codex (Ludwig ms L.XI.7), J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

 
Admin. Notes
 

Getty Research Institute owns photographs of entire Hedwig Codex; Getty Museum owns ms.