S. Nicholas (hospital)
Community ID
 
874
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Nicholas without Walmgate Barr, S. Nicholas outside Walmgate Bar
 
Town
 
York
 
Diocese
 
York
 
Region
 
Yorkshire
 
Medieval Location
 
It originally stood outside Walmgate Bar
 
Modern Location
 
Beverley. The hospital was later moved to Lawrence St.
 
Corporate Status
 
Hospital
 
Date Founded
 
1286 or earlier
 
Date Terminated
 
1538 or later
 
Religious Order
 
Augustinian
 
Rule
 
Augustinian
 
Foundation Information
 

Founded to serve the poor. According to an early inquisition record, the hospital was founded on land donated by Stephen the first abbot of St. Mary Bootham's hospital in York. The hospital was founded sometime between 1088 and 1286. It was believed to have been built over the site of an ancient foundation.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Margaret de Punchardon was an anchoress here after 1321.

 
Population Counts
 

In 1291, there were 3 lepers and 38 brothers and sisters serving at the hospital. A few years later 36 nuns, including 4 who were lepers, were accepted into the hospital. Their price for admittance was 20 marks.

 
Dependency Of
 

In the early modern period the hospital was annexed to the priory of Holy Trinity at York.

 
Visitations
 

There was an in-depth inquisition in 1291.

 
Social Characteristics
 

It was originally a Royal foundation.

 
Relative Wealth
 

In the 1530's it was valued at £29. 18s. 8d.

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

The hospital was destroyed in the Siege of York in 1644. The Norman doorway was saved by Lord Fairfax who had it moved to St. Margaret's, Walmgate.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

While under the supervision of masters Simon de Wyllardby and Robert de Sancto Laurencio, the monks and nuns were allowed to dress in laymen's attire and to forgo the tonsure, which was contrary to their rule. There is evidence that before the foundation of Syon Abbey, the first and only Brigittine house in England, there were plans to convert the hospital into a Brigittine abbey. A neglected history in the prehistory of Syon Abbey: the letter of Katillus Thornberni in Uppsala University Library Pappersbrev 1410-1420

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project, Ericka Swensson
 
Date Started
 
1286
 
Date Finished
 
1538
 
Length
 
115