S. Michele
Community ID
 
490
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Michaele Arcangelo; Sant' Angelo; Sant' Angelo in Texello; Sant' Angelo Magno; Sancti Angeli de Eseuto
 
Town
 
Ascoli Piceno
 
Diocese
 
Ascoli Piceno
 
Region
 
Marche
 
Medieval Location
 
within the city, on top of a hill called Monte dell' Annunziata -- Had been an ancient Roman temple
 
Date Founded
 
1067 or earlier (The house was granted privileges by Biship Bernard II in 1067, and the name, at least, is found in a doument by Otto II, addressed to Adamo, Bishop of Ascoli.
 
Date Terminated
 
1460 (August 12), per the Bull of Paul II. Nuns were transferred to S. Maria delle Donne (see S. Maria del Donne), and the house was given to the Olivitani.
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine until 1243, when it became Poor Clares. The Olivitani took over in 1460 (see "Date Terminated," above).
 
Foundation Information
 

Legendary Origin in 750 -- Bishop Euclera saw "Badessa e Contessa de S. Angelo."

 
Notable Heads
 

Abbess Antoni in 1292; Abbess Caterina de Pieruccio in 1426.

 
Population Counts
 

Large enough for 40 nuns and servants.

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

Innocent III, Honorius III, Gragory VIII and Alexander IV all wrote Brevi.

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

Henry VI, in 1187, took Abbess Amelgarda and the nuns under his protection and those who disregarded it were punished with a fine of 10 pounds of gold. Repeated by Frederick II in 1220.

 
Social Characteristics
 

Daughters of the nobility

 
Relative Wealth
 

Very Wealthy.

 
Assets/Property
 

Owned church, vinyards, garden. Received land from emperors and bishops in 12th and 13th c. Had enough money to by 19 pcs. of land and a castle "di Ceresio" in Valle Castella. The also posessed land, houses and a church in Montelparo. Syndics administered the property and defended the nuns of acting according to the __Capitula et Constituziones de Castro Ceresia.__ At the end of the 13th c., they discovered thefts that they attributed to the 9 conversi and 3 familiares who adminsitered their property and they appealed to the pope. Two years later, on January 8, 1297, Boniface VIII wrote to the abbot of A. Pietro Interito and asked him to announce in church that, unless the stolen goods were returned, he would excommunicatae the delinquents. There seem to be no further references to this affair. In 1194, the monastery acquired mills from the Bishp Alberico in exchange for a gold challice and a case of silver. Nicholas IV sent the nuns two seperate bulls ordering that rectors should not permit the citizens to use the mills belonging to the monastery. By 1300, however, there was general agreement that the mills belonged to the city but that servants and other members of the monastery had every right to have their grain ground there.

 
Early Documents
 

Gifts to the monastery given by Otto II and III were given to Bernard and Adam, bishops of Ascoli. Later doc: April 1028: Abbess Odoisa cedes land to Ansualdo, Consors of the monastery.

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

Built in the 13th c., finished in 1292. Harmony of lines. Inside, two corinthian columns adorn the church, which has two front doors, a very stern facade, only one round window and two rectangular ones. Built like a basislican church with three aisles, decorated with frescoes.

 
Manuscript Sources
 

Ascoli Piceno, Catterdrale, Archivio diplomatico, Ascoli Piceno, Catterdrale, Archivio diplomatico, parte I, Lett. A.

Ascoli Piceno, Biblioteca Communale, Archivio, Bibl. Communale, __Archivo, Libri delle scritture,__ vols. I-II: __Capitula et constituziones.__ [The __Capitula contains the feudal rights of the abbess, both civil & criminal.]

 
Published Primary Sources
 

Ciccioni, G. __Le pergamene dell'Archivo municipale del Montelparo.__ Ancona: 1939. 1-55

 
Secondary Sources
 

Le Clarisse in Ascoli Giorgi, R. __Le Clarisse in Ascoli.__ 1961.

Gli antichi monasteri benedettini in Ascoli Piceno : aggiunta al catalogo delle abazie e monasteri piceni di D. Alberico Amatori Ab. Cisterciense Luzi, E. __Gli antichi mansteri benedettine Ascoli Piceno__, aggiunta al Catalogo delle abazie e monasteri picene de D. Alberico Amatori ab. cisterciense.__ Fermo: 1877. pp. 7-8.

Mariotti, C. __Il monastero e la chiesa di S. Angelo in Ascoli Piceno.__ 2nd. ed. Ascoli Piceno: Giuseppe Cesari, 1984.

Article in __Bullarium Franciscanum,__ I, p. 100.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

This convent apparently had a bad reputation, esp. in the 15th c. By 1460, it seemed that the house had become a place of "human lust and natural appetites." The nuns apparently did not observe S. Clare's rule and did not wear appropriate costumes, and the frequent private visitations by the brothers of St. Francis caused a considerable scandal. It was rumored that the monastery's "oblatus," Giovanni di Matteo of S. vito was locked in vescovil prison "quia carnaliter cognoverat duas moniales dicti monasteri." The Abbess and the nuns were threatened with excommunication if they did not immediately transfer to S. Maria delle Donne (see S. Maria del Donne).

 
Conversi/ae and servants
 

9 conversi and 3 familiares at the end of the 13th century.

 
Contributors
 
Suzanne Wemple-Kinder; Marie Kelleher
 
Date Started
 
1067
 
Date Finished
 
1460
 
Length
 
2801