S. Mary Magdalene
Community ID
 
943
 
Town
 
Winchester
 
Diocese
 
Winchester
 
Region
 
Hampshire
 
Medieval Location
 
Originally 1 mile east of town / inside town
 
Modern Location
 
Winchester
 
Corporate Status
 
Hospital
 
Dedication
 
S. Mary Magdalene
 
Date Founded
 
1174-89
 
Foundation Information
 

Most likely founded by Bishop Ilchester (1174-1189) for 9 leprous brothers and sisters who were weak and infirm.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

According to some early modern accounts, the founder was Maria de Valentia, wife of Adamore de Valentia, Earl of Pembroke and daughter of Guido, Earl of St. Paul of France. The History and Antiquities of Winchester, Setting Forth Its Original Constitution, Government, Manufactories, Trade, Commerce and Navigation, Its Several Wards, Parishes, Precincts, Districts, Churches, Religious and Charatable Foundations and Other Publ2:177 Maria lived during the reign of Edward III. However, it is more likely that Bishop Ilchester was the actual founder and Maria Valentia served as a benefactor who helped rebuild the foundation in the 1330's, which also accounts for Knowles statement that the hospital was founded in the 14th century.

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

The hospital survived Edward VI's dissolution of the chantries act. However, the hospital was used to house Dutch prisoners of war during the reign of Charles II, at which time most of the woodwork was used for fuel and the ironwork and bells stolen. The hospital was unable to recover from this damage and was eventually torn down to build almshouses for the poor. The last remnants of the medieval structure were destroyed in 1788.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

Knowles gives the foundation date as 1336. (See Patrons and Benefactors)

 
Admin. Notes
 

MAD 8/97

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project
 
Date Started
 
1174
 
Length
 
357