S. Maria del Senatore
Community ID
 
700
 
Alternate Names
 
Senatore; S. Aureliano and S. Maria; S. Benedetto (after 1449)
 
Town
 
Pavia
 
Diocese
 
Pavia
 
Region
 
Piedmont
 
Modern Location
 
Before the Strada Cervia, across from the Duomo square, at the alley of S. Giovanni Domnerrum. Church's entrance was on the street of S. Giuseppe.
 
Corporate Status
 
Hospital
 
Date Founded
 
715 (December 13)
 
Date Terminated
 
1799
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Foundation Information
 

Senator filius Albini and his wife Teodolina issued a document whereby they consecrated their paternal house in a monastery where their daughter Lintinda and the Seator's sister Liceria wore nun's garments, with Lintinda acting as abbess. Under royal or papal protection, they were entitled to call on a bishop or abbot to correct them.

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

March 18, 1152: Eugenius III; 1261-64: Urban IV decrees that they are subject only to the authority of the Holy See.

 
Dependent Communities
 

Mon. S. Gregorio, the oratory of S. Pietro alla Staffora, and the churches of S. Maria di Sarmato and S. Patricio.

 
Litigations
 

In 1183, the abbess and the bishop of Trotone disputed posession of the monastery at Staffora where there was a hospital and a house for lepers.

 
Early Documents
 

[1] 951: privelege issued to the monastery in 951, confirmed by Henry OOO in 1054, and in 1499 by Louis the pious. [2] 1257: Pope Alexander IV concedes that abbess Lucinda is not to be bothered by anyone.

 
Architecture & Archaeology
 

The curch had three altars: one was dedicated to S. Maria Vergine and another to S. Aureliano. In 1521, Donna Leonarda de Frederici acquired the house with the tower next to the monastery of Pietro Francesco Bottiglella. Around 1600 the church and the cloister were about to collapse, and were thus rennovated.

 
Manuscript Sources
 

[1] Milan, Archivio di Stato, Fondo di religione, P. A. 6906-6219 (713-1799); and 657-669 (1119-1199).

[2] Pavia, Archivio, II 95 A-B, 19th c. MSS, 519-22, Capsoni, Gaetano, __Notizie di vescovi, chiesi e monasteri di Pavia e notizie varie al culto.__

 
Published Primary Sources
 

[1] __Documenti vogheresi degli archivi di Pavia,__ p. 235.

[2] Biblioteca Societa storica subalpina, __Documenti vogheresi all'archivio di Milano,__ XLVII, p. 168 (#115) and p. 176 (#122).

[3] Biblioteca Societa storica subalpina, __Documenti degli archivi tortonesi__ XXXIX, # 24-25, p. 46.

 
Secondary Sources
 

Ospedali di Ponte
[In __Studi di storica ospedaliera Piemontese.__ ]

 
Contributors
 
Suzanne Wemple-Kinder; Marie Kelleher
 
Date Started
 
715
 
Date Finished
 
1799
 
Length
 
1880