S. Maria and S. Theodor
Community ID
Medieval Location
Corporate Status
S. Mary; S. Theodore (at least since the mid-fourteenth century); S. John the Evangelist
Date Founded
1157 (1273, according to Krämer)
Date Terminated
1554 (1802, according to Krämer)
Religious Order
Cistercian/Benedictine (see foundation field)
Foundation Information

In 1157 Bishop Eberhard II of Bamberg decided to convert the hospital dedicated to S. Theodore at the cathedral chapel into a female abbey. He obtained nuns from Wechterswinkel under the direction of the widowed countess-palantine Gertrud von Stahleck, a sister of the Staufer ruler, Konrad III. Gertrud gave her personal property for the provision of the abbey. In 1174 Bishop Hermann II confirmed the investiture of the abess as well as transferred the administration of the hospital to the cathedral deacon. In 1179 the convent was taken under papal protection under the papal legate Peter von Tusculum. The document recording this papal protection confirmed the convent in the Benedictine rule and the institutions of the Cistercian order (Krausen, 29). In 1182 the convent received letters of protection from Pope Lucius II and King Fredrich Barbarossa, which failed to name the nuns as adherents of the Cistercian order. It is likely that the convent, as with many other female Cistercian communities, never received formal incorporation. In the mid-fourteenth century the abbesses refered to the community as Benedictine. The hospital was last mentioned in 1296.

First Members

The first nuns came from Wechterswinkel under the direction of the widowed countess-palantine Gertrud von Stahleck, a sister of the Staufer ruler, Konrad III.

Priveleges & Papal Exemptions

In 1179 the convent was taken under papal protection under the papal legate Peter von Tusculum.

Dependent Communities

Circa 1200 nuns from the community were sent to help form a new community of S. Hedwig near Trebnitz in Schlesia (needs verification as dependent community).

Other Ecclesiastical Relations

In the early period of the convent's history, the abbot of Langheim acted as spiritual advisor for the convent.

Secular Political Affiliations

In 1182 the convent received letters of protection from Pope Lucius II and King Fredrich Barbarossa.

Social Characteristics

Members of the convent came from the most prominent families of the region (Krausen, 30).

State Of Medieval Structure

The remains of a basilica with three apses and choirs over the side-aisles remain from the convent's Cistercian period and can be seen in the Baroque-style church which exists today. This was an unusual architectural style for this area of Germany (Krausen, 30).

Manuscript Sources

The archives for the community are found in the Hauptstaatsarchiv München and in the Staatsarchiv in Bamberg, which has approximately 220 documents from the convent. Manuscript works from the convents library are preserved in the Staats- and Stadtbibliothek in Augsburg, #2o50, and in the university library in Augsburg, Oett.-Wall. II. 1. 2o166. The state library in Bamberg preserves the following works: # Astron. 1a manuscript of Johannes de Sacro Bosco, Algorismus (thirteenth-fourteenth century)/ Bibl. 17, Evv. circa 1384/5 / Bibl. 28a, Super Genesim, fifteenth century/ Bibl. 58, Nic. de Lyra, fifteenth century/ Bibl. 64, Petrus de Paulude, In pss., 1451/ Bibl. 65, Super psalter, fifteenth century, written by Erh. Winkler/ Bibl. 74, Rob. Holkot, In sap., fifteenth century/ Bibl. 88, Evv. IV., 1405, written by Berth. Knapp/ Bibl. 101, Evv. 1476/86, written by Frid. Parth/ Bibl. 109, Aug. de Ancona, Super Mt., fifteenth century/ Bibl. 120, Hugo de s. Caro, In Joh, fifteenth century/ Bibl. 133, Comm. in ep. Pauli ad Romanos, fifteenth century/ Canon. 30, Acta et decreta concil. Constant., written in the fifteenth century/ Canon. 32., Pius II, Ep. ad imp. Turcorum, fifteenth century/ Canon. 66, In decret., fifteenth century, owned by Joh. Sigl./ Canon. 82, Summa iur. canon, fifteenth century/ Class. 41, Ovidius, fifteenth century/ Class. 48, Terentius, fifteenth century/ Class. 49, Terentius, 1476/ Class. 59, Aristoteles, Physica, fifteenth century/ Class. 61, Thomas Aquinas, In Artistot., fifteenth century/ Class. 69, Aristoteles, Physica, 1481, written by Seb. Utzmair/ Class. 77, In Aristoty., fourteenth century, written by Mart. Noetzel/ Class. 87, Gesta Romanorum, fifteenth century/ Class. 87a, Gesta Romanorum, fifteenth century, written by Doris v. Aufsess, Hanns Marschall zu Ebnet/ Class. 93, Aug. de Dacia, Isagogicus in eloque., fifteenth century/ Hist. 140, Vitae patrum, 1442/ Hist. 185, Adam Claraemont., Flores hist., 1445, written by Joh. Kempnytz/ Lit. 35, a Missal, 1460/1502, written by Udalr. Leypoldus/ Lit. 36, a Missal, 1468/ Lit. 74, Breviary, fourteenth century/ Lit. 75, a Diurnal, 1501/ Lit. 76, Breviary, 1464, written by E.J.C.R./ Lit. 77, Breviary, 1470, written by Heinr. Episcopi./ Lit. 80-83, Breviaries, fifteenth century/ Lit. 94, a Diurnal, 1467/ Lit. 96, a Diurnal, 1472/1504, written by Joh. Han, F.J.M/ Lit. 120, Ceremoniale, fourteenth century/ Lit. 153, Joh. Maria de Polluciis, Mare magnum, 1515/18, written by Joh. Moetzel/ Lit. 168, Biblia BMV, fourteenth century/ Lit. 169, Biblia BMV, 1463/5 /Lit. 178, manuscript from Bamberg, Clarissen order, sine datum/ Patr. 10, Ans. Cantuar., fifteenth century/ Patr. 26, Augustinus, twelfth century/ Patr. 45, Berth. Ratisbon., Sermons, 1411, written by Heinr. Döckler/ Patr. 50, Bonaventura, Breviloq., fifteenth century, written by Petrus Stoss/ Part. 52, Guil. de Laniceta, Dieta salutis, 1418, written by Heinr. Schuffer/ Patr. 82, Alb. Trotti, De horis can., 1480/81 /Patr. 90, Eusebius, De more Hieronymi, fifteenth century/ Patr. 109, Lactantius, 1472/3, written by Marh. Farinator/ Patr. 116, Petrus Comestor, Hist. schol., 1456/ Patr. 125 Petrus Lombardus, Sent., fifteenth century/ Patr. 142, Thomas Aquinas, fifteenth century/ Patr. 147, Thomas Aquinas, Sent., 1420/ Patr. 153, Thomas Aquinas, contra Wilhelmum de s. Amore, fifteenth century/ Patr. 154, Vinc. Bellov., Ep. consolatoria, fifteenth century/ Philol. 2, Priscianus, 1344/1402, written by Nic. de Lernkirch & laur. Doleatoris/ Philol. 4, In Alex. de Villa Dei Doctrinale, fifteenth century/ Philol. 5, Joh. de Werdea, Super Doctrinale, 1426, written by Jac. Faber./ Philol. 6, Eberh. Bethun., Graecismus c. gloss., 1418, written by Nicolaus/ Philol. 9, Guil. Brito, fourteenth century/ Philol. 10, Abecedarius (gloss), 1410/ Philol. 11, Cornutus, fifteenth century/ Philol. 16-17 Ars rhetorica, fifteenth century/ Philos. 3, Logica, fifteenth century/ Philos. 4, Ars logica, 1473, written by Conr. Gerung./ Philos. 5, Missc. logic., fifteenth century/ Philos. 9, Moralium dogma philos. 1439, written by Petrus/ R.B. 200, Orationes, fifteenth-sixteenth century, written by Vitus Wolfframi/ Theol. 4, Ant. Parmensis, Sermones, 1393/1434, written by Conr. Gerher/ Theol. 6, Conr. de Brundelsheim, Sermons, 1470, written by Christ. Kellner/ Theol. 7, Conr. de Brundelsheim, Sermons, 1416, owned by Joh. Retburg, Mich. Institor, Osw. Sperwolk/ Theol. 8, Conr. de Brundelsheim, Sermons, fifteenth century, owned by Erh. Hennick?, Joh. Hefer/ Theol. 12, Joh. Herolt, Serm. Discipuli, 1454/65, written by Math. Seltenbrunner/ Theol. 13, Joh. Herolt, Serm. Discipuli, 1474, written by Heinr. Robenstein/ Theol. 14, Joh. Herolt, Serm. Discipuli, 1448/61, written by Andr. Lehner, Rich. Hinbergt, Conr. Allexis, Rich. Hinberg/ Theol. 17, John. Herolt, Promptuarium, 1470, written by Anth. Reddel/ Theol. 23, Nic. de Dinkelsbühl, Sermones, fifteenth century, written by Joh. Brew./ Theol. 24, Nic. de Dinkelsbühl, 1473, written by Erh. Todmair., owned by Leonh. Newnhauser/ Theol. 25, Oberbach, Sermons, fifteenth century/ Theol. 26, Saxonicus, Opus medic., 1468-71, written by Georgius Forster/ Theol. 29, Thomas Ebendorfer, Sermons, 1472/ Theol. 30, Lucas Patavinus, Sermons, 1399, written by Marqu. dict. Rechperger, owned by Rich. Hinberger/ Theol. 32, Sermons, 1422, written by Erh. Kupferberg/ Theol. 36, Flores temp., 1455, owned by Rich. Hinberg/ Theol. 38-40, Sermons, fifteenth century/ Theol. 42, Glossa sequent., 1397/1425, written by Nicolaus/ Theol. 44, Sermons, fifteenth century/ Theol. 45, Quadragesimale, fifteenth century/ Theol. 50, Henr. Arminensis, De IV virtutibus card., 1462, written by Joh. de Fritzlaria?/ Theol. 51, Henr. de Hassia, 1397/ Theol. 52, Jac. de Theramo, Belial, 1432, written by Joh. de Fritzlaria?/ Theol. 56, In Mt., fifteenth century/ Theol. 58, Jon. Nider, Praeceptorium, 1462, written by Joh. Perger/ Theol. 73, Joh. von Freiberg, 1465, owned by Jorg Stamling, Pangracz Stiber/ Theol. 76, Mag. Arnoldus, De Sent., 1407, written by Wolfh. de Wyenna/ Theol. 77, Gault. de amberga, In Sent., fifteenth century/ Theol. 78, In epp. Pauli, fifteenth century/ Theol. 82-83, In Petrum Lombardum, fifteenth century/ Theol. 89, Speculum hum. salv. metr., 1357, written by Joh. de Ci.../ Thol. 90, Bydo de Senis, Distinct. bibl., written 1390-1432 by Jac. de Hawssen/ Theol. 91, Casus decret., fourteenth century, written by Heinr. Koppichen, Theod. de Elrich, owned by Heinr. Schrüffers/ Theol. 92-94, Sermons, fifteenth century/ Theol. 95, Regimentum contra pestil., fifteenth century/ Theol. 96, Calendar, fifteenth century, owned by Wernlein Stoltz, Rich Hinberg/ Theol. 97, Jordan. de Quedlinburg, 1456/ Theol. 98, Hugo de Trimberg, Solsequium, 1423, written by Leonh. de Esslingia/ Theol. 99, In Sent., 1407, written by Conr. Bero dict. Lang./ Theol. 100, Conr. de Soltau, fifteenth century, written by Georgius Fabri, owned by Rich. Hinberg/ Theol. 101, Joh. de Marienwerder, Expos. symboli apostol., 1425, written by Joh. de Lwiczendorff/ Thol. 102, Nic. de Grecz, De contractibus, 1450/ Theol. 103, Jac. Magni, Sophilogium, 1471-2, written by J. Aiden, Joh. Umgemach/ Theol. 104, Lud. de Saxonia, fifteenth century/ Theol. 105, Henr. de Haselpach, De orat. domin., 1457, owned by Eslinger/ Theol. 128, Ant. Parmensis, fifteenth century.

Admin. Notes

another source: Wieland, M. Das Cistercienserinnenkloster St. Maria u. Theodor in Bamberg, Hassfurt, 1902.

June Mecham
Contributors Notes

According to Krämer, this community existed from 1273-1802 as a community of Carmelite monks (?) where the previous Cistercian convent had existed. Most of the works he lists from the library presumably come from this later period. However, this information conflicts with the information from Krausen, and further research is necessary to clarify the history of S. Maria and Theodor.

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Date Finished