Rusper
Community ID
 
800
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Mary Magdalene, Rupperar
 
Town
 
Chichester
 
Diocese
 
Chichester
 
Region
 
Sussex
 
Medieval Location
 
At the edge of Rusper on the road from Hersham to Dorking.
 
Modern Location
 
Rusper
 
Corporate Status
 
Priory
 
Dedication
 
S. Mary Magdalene
 
Date Founded
 
1189-1199, though one source dates the foundation to before 1174.
 
Date Terminated
 
1537
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Rule
 
Benedictine
 
Foundation Information
 

The community was founded by members of the Broase family. Patron William de Broase confers estates on the community before 1204. Established probably for 13 nuns.

 
Notable Heads
 

Kathrine, de Bissopeston, Alice, Isabel, Agnes, J. Young, J. de Kingesfold, A. Baret, Elizabeth, A. Snokeshall .

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Other families: St. John, Okehurst, Michelgrove, Hayes.

 
Population Counts
 

There were 8 in 1442, more than 3 in 1436 (also 2 unprofessed sisters?), 6 in 1478, 2 in 1521(also 2 unprofessed sisters). There were 3 in 1527 and 2 in 1537.

 
Visitations
 

A visitation in 1442 found the community orderly and in good order again in 1478. In 1521 a visitation found a neglected building, but in 1524 conditions were better.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Patron William de Broase confers estates between 1180-1204.

 
Social Characteristics
 

Noble House

 
Assets/Property
 

In approximately 1200 the community held estates but these were less important than the chapter house in the 13th century. It also received a few donations in the 13th century. Income from spiritualities was equal to more than 31 pounds, and it held land holdings and rents of more than 13 pounds in 1291. In 1535 the community was valued at 40 pounds.

 
Income
 

Income was derived from rents and spiritualities. The community's net income in 1535 amounted to over 39 pounds. After the Black Death the community's income was greatly diminished (Knowles and Hadcock, 218).

 
Litigations
 

In 1278 the Prioress imprisoned poachers. In 1521 friends and kin of the Prioress stir up trouble.

 
Early Documents
 

[1]First documentation of this community is the Chronicle of the Gervase of Canterbury(after 1189).
[2]Bishop's register (before 1204.)

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

Foundation date at the age of Richared I, Oliva; termination date, Knowles.

 
Admin. Notes
 

[V0726]
No. 2 and No. 4 add 2 unprofessed sisters for each count. = added to population counts

 
Contributors
 
Marilyn Oliva
 
Contributors Notes
 

Quiet and orderly as compared to Easebourne , a nearby Augustinian community.

 
Date Started
 
1189
 
Date Finished
 
1537
 
Length
 
1744