Rocca delle Donne
Community ID
 
676
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Maria
 
Town
 
Montferrato
 
Region
 
Piedmont
 
Corporate Status
 
Priory
 
Date Founded
 
1167 (circa)
 
Date Terminated
 
1494 (see "Incorporated By," below)
 
Religious Order
 
Benedictine
 
Notable Heads
 

Early Prioresses: Stefana (1182-94), Afdidia (1194-1200), Alda (1214-15), Agnese (1217)

 
Population Counts
 

1170: 9 nuns. 1272: 15 nuns + prioress and conversi. 1230: 17 nuns.

 
Incorporated By
 

Bull of Pope Alexander VI, dated May 22, 1492, unites S. Maria with S. Maria Maddalena.

 
Dependency Of
 

Belonged to Chaise-Dieu (France).

 
Secular Political Affiliations
 

Received exemption (privileges?) from Frederick II on 25 November, 1220.

 
Social Characteristics
 

high social status

 
Relative Wealth
 

very rich

 
Assets/Property
 

received many donations and made many purchases, including olive groves, fields, and rights over certain rivers. In 1220, the monastery had a house in Guazzolo, an island in the Po, the Castel S. Pietro with all its attendant rights, and the "camp" [country?] of Olivero, among its may other posessions.

 
Income
 

collected annual censi [fixed-rate annual tax] from its lands

 
Litigations
 

In 1181/2, the house litigates with Fruttuaria over the posession of a church, S. Maria de Gamundio. The bishop of Padua found for Fruttuaria.

 
Early Documents
 

Feb 20, 1167. Donation of a field in Cornale by Guglielmo, marquis of Monferrato.

 
Published Primary Sources
  
Miscellaneous Information
 

In addition to the prioress, there was a vice-prioress, appointed by the prioress.

 
Conversi/ae and servants
 

This house had conversae, who were exempt from taxes.

 
Contributors
 
Suzanne Wemple-Kinder
 
Date Started
 
1167
 
Date Finished
 
1494
 
Length
 
1197