Paris (S. Antoine-des-Champs)
Community ID
 
1925
 
Alternate Names
 
Saint-Antoine-des-Champs
 
Town
 
Paris
 
Diocese
 
Paris
 
Region
 
6T
 
Medieval Location
 
suburbs of Paris
 
Modern Location
 
same, now the Faubourg Saint-Antoine in the 12th arrondissement of Paris
 
Corporate Status
 
Abbey
 
Date Founded
 
1198
 
Date Terminated
 
1795
 
Religious Order
 
Cistercian, with direct ties to Citeaux by 1277
 
Rule
 
Rule of Saint Benedict
 
Congregation
 
Citeaux
 
Foundation Information
 

Founded for the female followers of Fulk of Neuilly (d. 1202), a preacher best remembered for exciting enthusiasm for what became the Fourth Crusade at the behest of Pope Innocent III.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

The first abbess of Maubuisson, begun in 1236 by Queen Blanche of Castille, was Guillemette from Saint-Antoine-des-Champs

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Some noble families of the region made early bequests, and Parisian properties "in censiva domini regis" were confirmed by the king. But the primary patrons after the first years were middle-class citizens of Paris and clerics of the university community.

 
Social Characteristics
 

Urban community whose members were predominantly of Paris's elite but usuall non-aristocratic business class.

 
Relative Wealth
 

One of the wealthiest of all Cistercian nunneries in Europe, with individual private incomes in addition to communal property. Founded outside the 12th-century city walls, Saint-Antoine was by the late Middle Ages a major property owner in a thriving commercial district.

 
Assets/Property
 

Benefactors established at least 5 chapels in the 13th century. Assets included many urban properties, land, houses, and rents, as well as suburban and rural lands.

 
Early Documents
 

Two medieval cartularies in the Archives Nationales, Paris: s*4386 and LL1595.

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

A few structural elements of the medieval and early modern building reamin remain in what has been since 1795 the Hopital Saint-Antoine, 184 rue Faubourg Saint-Antoine, Paris 12e.

 
Manuscript Sources
 

See Early Documents

 
Published Primary Sources
 

Jacques de Vitry, Historia Occidentalis, ed. J. F. Hinnebusch (Fribourg, 1972), pp. 100-273-274, 290
Gallia christiana, vol. 7, pp. 899-906

 
Secondary Sources
 

Constance Berman, "Dowries, Private Income, and Anniversary Masses: The Nuns of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs (Paris)," Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History 20 (1993): 3-12.
Milton R. Gutsch, "A Twelfth-Century Preacher: Fulk of Neuilly." In The Crusades and Other Historical Essays, ed. L. J. Paetow (New York, 1928), 183-206.

 
Contributors
 
Bruce L. Venarde
 
Date Started
 
1198
 
Date Finished
 
1795
 
Length
 
1591