Community ID
Alternate Names
Schoenevelt (1241); Schoennevelt inferior (1269); Campus speciosus inferior (1508)
Date Founded
1241 or earlier
Date Terminated
1842 or earlier
Religious Order
Foundation Information

Count Berthold I (of the family of Graisbach-Lechsgemünd) and his wife, Adelheid, founded this convent. The exact foundation date is unknown. The community developed next to the S. George church in Burgheim and may originally have consisted of a group of Beguines. On January 9, 1241 the community was moved to "Schoenenvelt" and assumed a regular lifestyle (Krausen, 74). On this date, Bishop Siboto of Augsburg acting as the curren "Ordinarius" confirmed the relocation of the convent, which was already considered a member of the Cistercian order. The convent had complete freedom from advocacy. Pope Innocent IV took the foundation under his protection in 1254 and recognized its exemption from the bishop of the diocese. In 1322/23 King Ludwig granted the convent complete freedom from duties and taxes as well as its own jurisdiction over its dependents, except criminals receiving capital punishment (Krausen, 75). The abbot of Kaisheim held spiritual authority over the convent; the abbot generally sent two fathers to Niederschönenfeld, one to serve as the father-confessor to the nuns and the other as the parish priest.

Population Counts

Under Abbess Gertraud Marschallin of Donnersberg (1337/43) the convent numbered 80 sisters and 18 novices (Krausen, 75).

Other Ecclesiastical Relations

Duke Albrecht V took an active hand in maintaining the nuns' discipline within the convent. The convent became a model of conventual life and sent its well-disciplined nuns to other convents to aid in their reform efforts: in 1565 to Frauenwörth, and in 1573 to Oberschönenfeld and Seligenthal.


In 1322/23 King Ludwig counted himself as a particular patron of the convent.

Social Characteristics

Most of the inhabitants of the convent came from the nobility; it remained a noble community until the time of its dissolution.

Relative Wealth

The convent received numerous rich gifts and acquired wealth through the generous dowries of its inhabitants.


The conversion of Ottheinrich of Neuburg to Protestantism brought with it the alienation of many of the convent's rights and goods.

Other Economic Activities

The convent held numerous patronage rights in other parishes.

State Of Medieval Structure

The convent church was rebuilt after the Thirty Years War in an early Baroque style.

Manuscript Sources

The convent's archives are found in the Hauptstaatsarchiv and in the Kirchenarchiv in München (Munich).

Miscellaneous Information

During the Thirty Years War the convent suffered plundering and burning, and the nuns had to flee the convent.

Conversi/ae and servants

The convent was supported by the agricultural work of lay-brothers provided by the abbot of Kaisheim (Krausen, 75).

Admin. Notes

Further source?: Baader, J. Geschichte des Frauenklosters Niederschoenenfeld, Arch. F. Gesch. D. Bistums Augsburg 1 (1856): 173-460.

June Mecham
Date Started
Date Finished