Community ID
Alternate Names
Coeli Thronus
Nürnberg (Nuremberg)
Medieval Location
Grindlac (Grindlach)
Modern Location
Großgründlach near Nürnberg; in the governmental district of Mittelfranken.
Blessed Virgin Mary
Date Founded
Date Terminated
Religious Order
Foundation Information

This Cistercian convent was founded by Countess Kunigunde of Orlamünde, wife of Count Otto VII of Orlamünde, who on February 16, 1343 commissioned the mayor of Nürnberg, Konrad Gross, to establish a Cistercian convent for sixteen women. Spiritual authority over the convent was granted to the abbot of Langheim. Kundigunde herself entered the community as a nun (Krausen, 58). On May 23, 1348 the convent was moved to Grindlach with the permission of the bishop of Bamberg and the abbot of Langheim.

First Members

Countess Kunigunde

Notable Heads

Countess Kunigunde

Population Counts

The original foundation was made for sixteen women.

Incorporated Communities

The parish of Gunzenhausen was incorporated into the convent by Pope Clemens VI in 1347.

Other Ecclesiastical Relations

Spiritual authority over the convent was granted to the abbot of Langheim.

Secular Political Affiliations

In 1378 Countess Kunigunde placed the convent under the powerful protection of the city of Nürnberg. In 1385 the successor of Kunigunde, Abbess Anna, granted the higher jurisdictional authority, which the convent had previously possessed, to the city of Grindlach and received in return a lower jurisdictional authority (Krausen, 59).

Relative Wealth

In the fourteenth century the convent struggled with economic difficulties caused by too great a number of inhabitants and building expenses.


Countess Kunigunde provided the initial foundation with her acquired property in Grindlach, which included jurisdictional rights, an orchard, farm, and other possessions, in total worth approximately 5000 pounds (Krausen, 58).

Manuscript Sources

The community's archives are found in the Archiv der Fürstherr Sigmund von Haller'schen Familienstiftung Großgründlach and in both the Staatarchiv and the Stadtarchiv (state and city archives) in Nürnberg.

Secondary Sources

Die Klöster des Zisterzienserordens in Bayern
HUEMBER, B. Verzeichnis der deutschen Cisterzienserinnenkloester. (StMBO 37, 1916).

Miscellaneous Information

Towards the end of the fifteenth century the convent was forced to undergo a reform and establish a stricter observance. When the convent was dissolved in 1525, it was one of the last female Cistercian houses in Franken, but one of the first female houses in the area of Nürnberg whose alms fell to the city (Krausen, 59).

Admin. Notes

more research necessary Hist. Staetten,234.

June Mecham
Date Started
Date Finished