Burnham
Community ID
 
823
 
Alternate Names
 
S. Mary the Virgin at Burnham
 
Town
 
Lincoln
 
Diocese
 
Lincoln
 
Region
 
Buckinghamshire
 
Modern Location
 
Burham
 
Corporate Status
 
Abbey
 
Dedication
 
S. Mary
 
Date Founded
 
1266
 
Date Terminated
 
1539
 
Religious Order
 
Augustinian
 
Rule
 
Augustinian
 
Foundation Information
 

Richard, King of the Romans, Earl of Cornwall, and brother to King Henry III, founded it. Richard granted the community of Augustinian canonesses only a small endowment, and the earl and his family seem to have shown the community far less interest and favor than their foundation of Cistercian monks at Hailes (Women Religious: The Founding of English Nunneries After the Norman Conquest, 167).

 
First Members
 

The first abbess was Margery of Aston, who had previously been the sub-prioress at Goring.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Margery de Louches, Eleanor di Medham who were sent for peace of community to Goring, Oxford in 1339 (The Victoria History of the County of Oxford, 2:103 ) for 5 pounds per year.

 
Population Counts
 

The abbey was founded for 20 nuns. There were 9 nuns besides the abbess in 1530 with 2 priests. There were the same number in 1539. The history of the reformation of the Church of England. of the progess made in it during the reign of K. Henry the VIII available online at ">http://eebo.chadwyck.com/search/fulltext?ACTION=ByID&ID=D400001566665401... [Early English Books Online]

 
Priveleges & Papal Exemptions
 

In Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, son of the founder upheld his father's charter by allowing the nuns to have free elections without the permission of himself or his heirs. While this was often challenged, the nuns continued to appeal to this charter.

 
Dependent Communities
 

Beaconsfield but further research is necessary to verify this

 
Other Ecclesiastical Relations
 

Goring nuns from Goring were sometimes transferred to Burnham.

 
Income
 

In 1535 the net income of the abbey was over 51 pounds.

 
Litigations
 

In 1330 Abbess Idonea de Audley (abbess from 1316-1334) was involved in a suit with Geoffrey de Bulstrode. The suit dealt with a piece of land belonging to Bulstrode Manor, which had been leased to the Abbess by the King at a rent of 15£ per annum. Geoffrey disputed her right to the land, arguing that the land had been taken from him by Hugh le Depenser. Geoffrey then proceeded to break into her house, destroy her mill, cut down crops and allow cattle to feed on her pastures. While it was eventually decided that Abbess did have rights to the land, the damage was severe and continued to plague Burnham for a number of years. The Victoria history of the county of Buckingham 1:382-84 available online at ">http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=40316&strquery=Burnham"> [Victoria County History]

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project
 
Date Started
 
1266
 
Date Finished
 
1539
 
Length
 
1007