Buckland
Community ID
 
1048
 
Alternate Names
 
Minchin Buckland, Buckland Minchin, S. John the Baptist
 
Town
 
West Bath
 
Diocese
 
West Bath
 
Region
 
Somershire
 
Medieval Location
 
The priory was located in Buckland on the site of an antique Augustinian male monastery founded about 1166.
 
Modern Location
 
Buckland
 
Corporate Status
 
Priory
 
Dedication
 
S. John the Baptist
 
Date Founded
 
1180 (circa)
 
Date Terminated
 
1539
 
Religious Order
 
Jeronomite followed Augustinian in 1516
 
Rule
 
Augustinian
 
Foundation Information
 

The priory was founded by sisters of the Monastic Order of S. John of Jerusalem with help from King Henry II. It was attached to the male monastery at Buckland. The community incorporated 8 other priories.

 
Notable Heads
 

NULL, E.D'Actune, L.la Louwe, d'Berkeley, d'Erlegh, Mary, Alice, A.Crok, Elizabeth, J Coffyn, K.Bouchier.

 
Notable Members/Residents/Guests
 

Agnes, daughter of William, Earl of Arundell, who was one of the community benefactors in 1232. The community had its own chaplain and steward after the visitation of 1267. Until 1500 there was also a preceptor and 3 chaplains by ordinances of 1398.

 
Population Counts
 

There were 8 in about 1180 and about 50 in 1300. In 1539 there were more than 14.

 
Incorporated Communities
  
Dependency Of
 

The priory was a dependency of the male monastery, Clerkenwell, which was the head house of the Jeronomites in England.

 
Visitations
 

In 1267 there was an ecclesiastical visit from an Jeronomite Prior because the community was experiencing great discord with the brothers of the Preceptory. Additionally, there was some maladministration of rents in 1338.

 
Patrons/Benefactors
 

Ralph, son of Willam di Briwere, Alan Russell, R. and William Arundell, and the Priors of Monastic Order of S. John of Jerusalem. Traditionally, Berkelee is thought to have been a benefactor. Matilda, Countess of Clare in 1192, Loretta, Countess of Leiceistershire in 1228, and Muriel di Bohun.

 
Assets/Property
 

The community assets included land holdings, pensions, gift from benefactors and order of S. John of Jerusalem, and a chapter house. In the 13th century the community received royal gifts of wood for fuel and building. The community assets were valued at 223 pounds in 1535 when the yearly income included a small donation from the hospital at Carbrook.

 
Income
 

Income was derived from rents, tithes, pensions, and royal alms.

 
Early Documents
 

[1]Records the donation of the site by King Henry II in 1192.
[2]The second document is King John's confirmation of the founding, dated August 30, 1199.

 
State Of Medieval Structure
 

A fire destroyed the community in 1234. It was rebuilt in sometime after 1236.

 
Miscellaneous Information
 

The Preceptory for brothers closed about 1500.

 
Clients/Tenants/Other
 

Duston Church was part of the endowment of Buckland in 1170 by William of Erleigh. The Victoria history of the county of Somerset 6:264-65 available online at ">http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=18672&strquery=buckla... [Victoria County History]

 
Contributors
 
WRL Project
 
Contributors Notes
 

This is the only female priory of the Monastic Order of S. John of Jerusalem in England. Very little is known of the incorporated communities.

 
Date Started
 
1180
 
Date Finished
 
1539
 
Length
 
1587